See also: maizē



Zea mays (maize, corn)
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Borrowing from Spanish maíz, from Taino *mahis, *mahisi, from Proto-Arawakan *marikɨ. Cognate with Arawak marisi, Wayuu maiki.



maize (uncountable)

  1. Corn; a type of grain of the species Zea mays.
    • 1972, Lytle Robinson, chapter 5, in Edgar Cayceʼs Story of the Origin and Destiny of Man, USA: Berkley Publishing Corporation, page 106:
      A fundamental creative act of American man was the development of maize. For it was maize that made possible and sustained the whole Peruvian civilization as well as Mexican and Central American ones. Exactly where it originated is not known, but corn was found in pre-Mayan graves dating to 3000 B.C.





 maize on Latvian Wikipedia


From Proto-Baltic *maiž-, an ablaut variant of *miež- (whence Latvian mieži (barley)), from Proto-Indo-European *meyǵ-, probably from the stem *h₂meh₁- (to cut; to mow) modified into *mey-, and with an added element (whence Proto-Baltic , whence Latvian z). Cognates include Old Prussian mayse (maize, barley) (misspelled as wayse in the 16th-century source), Old Irish maiz- (to sow).[1]




maize f (5th declension)

  1. bread (foodstuff, baked from wheat, rye, sometimes corn)
    kviešu, rudzu maize‎ ― wheat, rye bread
    neraudzēta maize‎ ― unleavened bread
    maizes klaips, šķēle‎ ― loaf, slice of bread
    maizes garoza‎ ― bread crust
    maizes zupa‎ ― bread soup
    cept maizi‎ ― to bake bread
    maizes mīkla‎ ― bread dough
    maizes ceptuve‎ ― bakery (lit. bread baking place)
    maizes veikals‎ ― bakery (lit. bread shop)
    maizes krāsns‎ ― bread oven
    apziest maizi ar sviestu‎ ― spread butter on bread
    ēst maizi ar desu‎ ― to eat bread with sausage
    focaccia ir viena no populārākajām itāļu maizēm‎ ― focaccia is one of the most popular Italian breads
  2. bread dough
    mīcīt maizi‎ ― to knead bread
    maize rūgst‎ ― the bread (dough) is fermenting
  3. (poetic) cereals, cereal grains, especially rye, wheat
    priecīgākā diena, kad klētī sāk smaržot jaunā maize‎ ― joyful day, when the barn starts to smell like new bread (= wheat)
  4. (figuratively) food, nutrition
    viņš var ēst tēva maizi bez kādām rūpēm‎ ― he can eat his father's bread without any worries
  5. (figuratively) essential, necessary element
    metāls ir rūpniecības maize‎ ― metal is the bread of industry
  6. (figuratively) livelihood, means of supporting oneself; work
    J. Vītols bija atradis darbu un maizi Pēterpilī‎ ― J. Vītols had found work and bread in Pēterpils (St. Petersburg)
    ja kāds aiziet citā maizē: zinātnieka vai inženiera, vai mākslinieka maizē...‎ ― if someone goes into another bread (= profession): the scientific or engineering, or the artistic bread (= profession)...


Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “maize”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7