See also: Bok, bök, bók, and bøk

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Afrikaans bok. Doublet of buck.

Adjective edit

bok

  1. (South Africa, slang) keen or willing.
    "Do you want to go to the movies?" "Ja, I'm bok."

Etymology 2 edit

Imitative

This entry needs a sound clip exemplifying the definition.

Interjection edit

bok

  1. The clucking sound of a chicken.
    • 2000, William S Pollack, Todd Shuster, Real boys' voices:
      And he says, "Chicken! Bok bok bok bok!" One time I got up and put the controller down and we started fighting.
    • 2004, Andrew Bennett, Nicholas Royle, An introduction to literature, criticism and theory:
      So the librarian gives the chicken a book. The chicken goes away, but comes back the next day, goes up to the librarian's desk and says: 'Bok, bok!'

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch bok (buck, male goat), from Middle Dutch boc, from Old Dutch buc, from Proto-Germanic *bukkaz.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok (plural bokke, diminutive bokkie)

  1. goat
  2. antelope, buck
    Synonym: wildsbok
  3. (slang) lover (term of affection)
    Synonym: bokkie
  4. (gymnastics) vaulting horse
  5. blunder

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Xhosa: ibhokhwe

Adjective edit

bok (attributive bokke, comparative bokker, superlative bokste)

  1. keen, willing

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

From Philippine English bok, from bunk, shortened from bunkmate.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: bok

Noun edit

bok

  1. one's batchmate or classmate in the Philippine Military Academy

Choctaw edit

Etymology edit

Attested as bayuk in the 17th century.

Noun edit

bōk (alienable)

  1. creek, stream
  2. river

Declension edit

possessive (alienable) singular paucal plural
first-person ("my, our") a̱bōk pi̱bōk hapi̱bōk
second-person ("thy, your") chi̱bōk hachi̱bōk
third-person ("his, her,
its, their")
i̱bōk
absolute nominative accusative oblique
neutral bōk bōkat bōka̱ bōkak
contrastive bōkakō bōkakōsh bōkako̱ bōkakakō
bōkato bōkano
focus bōkō bōkakō
bōkōsh bōko̱
-ma
"that, there"
-pa
"this, here"
-kia
"also, too"
-ba
"only"
-ōk
"but"
-akhī
pejorative
bōkma bōkpa bōk(ak)kia bōkba bōkōk bōkakhī

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech bok, from Proto-Slavic *bokъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok m inan

  1. side
  2. flank
  3. (anatomy) hip

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • bok in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bok in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • bok in Internetová jazyková příručka

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch boc, from Old Dutch buc, from Proto-West Germanic *bukk, from Proto-Germanic *bukkaz.

Noun edit

bok m (plural bokken, diminutive bokje n)

  1. male goat, billy
    Synonym: geitenbok
  2. buck, horse or pony; strong contraption on legs, resembling a mount
    1. (gymnastics) vaulting horse
    2. sawbuck
      Synonym: zaagbok
    3. a crane on legs
  3. box, perch (driver's seat on a carriage)
  4. (printing) job case, type case
  5. (derogatory) churl, grouch
  6. (derogatory) oaf, bumpkin
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

bok

  1. inflection of bokken:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Etymology 3 edit

Proposed etymologies include Lokono bo-kia (emphatic 'you'), Lokono Lokono (people, Arawak), Portuguese botoque (lip plate), Portuguese bugre (derogatory term for an Amerindian). Compare English buck (a black or Native American man).

Noun edit

bok m (plural bokken, diminutive bokje n, feminine bokkin)

  1. (Suriname, obsolete) Amerindian person
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: boko
  • Guyanese Creole English: buck
  • Trinidadian Creole English: buck

Etymology 4 edit

Borrowed from Javanese mbok.

Noun edit

bok f (uncountable)

  1. (Suriname, dated) Form of address for a Javanese woman

Lower Sorbian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *bokъ. Cognate with Upper Sorbian bok, Polish bok, Czech bok, Russian бок (bok), and Serbo-Croatian bȍk.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok m inan

  1. side (bounding straight edge of an object; flat surface of an object; left or right half; surface of a sheet of paper)
  2. page (one side of a leaf of a book)
  3. (chiefly in the dual) breast (organs on the front of a woman’s chest, which contain the mammary glands)
    Synonym: prědk

Declension edit

  • Alternative locative singular: boce

Further reading edit

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “bok”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “bok”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Maranao edit

Etymology edit

From buhok, compare Tagalog buhok.

Noun edit

bok

  1. head hair

Marshallese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok

  1. blister
  2. chicken pox

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok

  1. bladder

Etymology 3 edit

From English book.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok (construct form bokin)

  1. book

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok

  1. sand
  2. sandspit
  3. sandbar

References edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old English bōc, in turn from Proto-West Germanic *bōk, from Proto-Germanic *bōks.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok (plural bokes)

  1. book (written document composed of pages)

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Middle Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Saxon bōk, from Proto-West Germanic *bōk, from Proto-Germanic *bōks.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bôk n

  1. book
  2. beechnut

Descendants edit

  • Low German:
    Dutch Low Saxon: book
    German Low German: Book
  • Plautdietsch: Buak

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative forms edit

  • bog (non-standard since 1907)

Etymology edit

From Old Norse bók (beech, book), from Proto-Germanic *bōks (letter), either from *bōkō (beech), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos (beech), or from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂g- (to divide, distribute, allot).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok f or m (definite singular boka or boken, indefinite plural bøker, definite plural bøkene)

  1. a book

Usage notes edit

  • One of the nouns whose feminine form is predominant in formal writing.

Derived terms edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun edit

bok f or m (definite singular boka or boken, indefinite plural boker, definite plural bokene)

  1. a beech (tree).

Alternative forms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse bók, from Proto-Germanic *bōks. Akin to English book.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok f (definite singular boka, indefinite plural bøker, definite plural bøkene)

  1. a book

Derived terms edit

References edit

Old Saxon edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *bōk, from Proto-Germanic *bōks, whence also Old English bōc, Old Frisian bōk, Old High German buoh, Old Norse bók.

Noun edit

bōk f or n

  1. book

Declension edit



Descendants edit

  • Middle Low German: bôk, buk
    • Low German:
      Dutch Low Saxon: book
      German Low German: Book
    • Plautdietsch: Buak

Old Swedish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse bók, from Proto-Germanic *bōks.

Noun edit

bōk f

  1. book

Declension edit

Descendants edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bokъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok m inan

  1. side, flank (neither the front nor the back)
    Synonym: strona

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjectives
adverbs
nouns
verbs
verbs

Further reading edit

  • bok in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bok in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bokъ.

Noun edit

bȍk m (Cyrillic spelling бо̏к)

  1. side
    bok uz bokside by side
  2. flank
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bogъ. Other fringe theories exist but are largely unsupported.

Alternative forms edit

Interjection edit

bok (Cyrillic spelling бок)

  1. (Croatia) hi
    Synonyms: zdravo, pozdrav, ćao
  2. (Croatia) bye
    Synonyms: zbogom, zdravo, pozdrav, ćao

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Swedish bōk, from Old Norse bók, from Proto-Germanic *bōks, of uncertain origin but usually connected to Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵ- (beech) or Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂g- (to allot).

Noun edit

bok c

  1. book:
    1. collection of sheets of paper
    2. a work of literature
    3. a major division of a published work
Declension edit
Declension of bok 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bok boken böcker böckerna
Genitive boks bokens böckers böckernas
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Swedish bōk, from Old Norse bók, from Proto-Germanic *bōkō, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos.

Noun edit

bok c

  1. beech (Fagus)
Declension edit
Declension of bok 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bok boken bokar bokarna
Genitive boks bokens bokars bokarnas
Derived terms edit

References edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkishبوق(bòq, excrement, dung, turd, shit), from Proto-Turkic *bok (dirt, dung).
Cognate with Old Turkic𐰉𐰸(bok), Kazakh боқ (boq), Azerbaijani pox, Kyrgyz бок (bok), etc.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok (definite accusative boku, plural boklar)

  1. (vulgar) shit (solid excretory product evacuated from the bowel)

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative bok
Definite accusative boku
Singular Plural
Nominative bok boklar
Definite accusative boku bokları
Dative boka boklara
Locative bokta boklarda
Ablative boktan boklardan
Genitive bokun bokların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular bokum boklarım
2nd singular bokun bokların
3rd singular boku bokları
1st plural bokumuz boklarımız
2nd plural bokunuz boklarınız
3rd plural bokları bokları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular bokumu boklarımı
2nd singular bokunu boklarını
3rd singular bokunu boklarını
1st plural bokumuzu boklarımızı
2nd plural bokunuzu boklarınızı
3rd plural boklarını boklarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular bokuma boklarıma
2nd singular bokuna boklarına
3rd singular bokuna boklarına
1st plural bokumuza boklarımıza
2nd plural bokunuza boklarınıza
3rd plural boklarına boklarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular bokumda boklarımda
2nd singular bokunda boklarında
3rd singular bokunda boklarında
1st plural bokumuzda boklarımızda
2nd plural bokunuzda boklarınızda
3rd plural boklarında boklarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular bokumdan boklarımdan
2nd singular bokundan boklarından
3rd singular bokundan boklarından
1st plural bokumuzdan boklarımızdan
2nd plural bokunuzdan boklarınızdan
3rd plural boklarından boklarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular bokumun boklarımın
2nd singular bokunun boklarının
3rd singular bokunun boklarının
1st plural bokumuzun boklarımızın
2nd plural bokunuzun boklarınızın
3rd plural boklarının boklarının

Derived terms edit

Volapük edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bok (nominative plural boks)

  1. box

Declension edit

Derived terms edit