Babel user information
en-US This user is a native speaker of American English.
es-2 Esta persona tiene un conocimiento intermedio del español.
zh-1 这位用户的中文达到初级水平

This user has a basic understanding of Devanagari.
This user has an intermediate understanding of the International Phonetic Alphabet.
{{t}}-2 This user can use wiki templates with ease, and can write some simple ones.
lua-1 This user has basic knowledge of Luba-Lulua.
Users by language

Hello and welcome to my user page! I have been an editor on English Wiktionary since 2017, as well as an English Wikipedia editor since 2014, and I am still learning! Feel free to contact me on my talk page if I've made a mistake, if you have any questions, or if you just wanna chat!

I am a native English speaker with a dialect and accent generally characteristic of the Northwestern US. You can see some notes on particular features of my accent below. I've had little exposure to other languages beyond a few years of Spanish and some Mandarin Chinese.

Following this introduction is a set of information and links which I generally find useful to have easily accessible to myself and which may also be helpful to you.

Quick reference edit

None of the following reference information may be official or up to date! Please take all of it with a bit of common sense, and maybe even caution, especially don't take it as fact or as representing consensus!

Policies and key think tanks edit

Criteria for inclusion Quotations
Idioms that survived RFD Deletion guidelines
Entry layout Neutral point of view
Blocking policy Language specific considerations
Redirects Bots
English entry guidelines

Discussing changes edit

Planned, running, and recent votes [edit this list]
(see also: timeline, policy)
Dec 10User:Ioaxxere for admin 5  4  1
Dec 11Word of the Year46 (26 people)
Dec 19Ordering of etymologies within an entry 16  2  1
(=3)[Wiktionary:Table of votes](=74)
  • What is my level of knowledge on the subject?
    • I need to learn from others/get their opinions.
      • Have previous discussions this subject occurred and reached clear consensus?
        • Yes. I will read them until I feel confident on the subject and to act independently.
        • No. I need to start a new discussion in a discussion room or wait until consensus might be reached at a later time
    • I feel very confident on this subject, am personally familiar with it, and am competent at acting independently.
      • Do rules and policy require that I have consensus from others before acting?
        • Yes. I will start a discussion at the relevant request page.
        • No. I will act.

Discussion rooms edit

    • Information desk (new): general questions, minor problems, specific requests for information or assistance.
    • Tea room (new): questions and discussions about specific words.
    • Etymology scriptorium (new): questions and discussions about etymology.
    • Beer parlour (new): policy discussions and proposals, requests for permissions, and major announcements.
    • Grease pit (new): technical questions, requests, and discussions.

Request pages edit

Reference for term relationships and related edit

  • Hypernyms: Terms that directly encompass and are broader than the reference term.
  • Hyponyms: Terms that are directly encompassed by and more specific the reference term.
  • Meronyms: Terms that refer to parts of the reference thing.
  • Holonyms: Terms that refer to things that the reference thing is a part of.
  • Troponyms: Verbs that are more specific than the verb in question.
  • Coordinate terms: Terms that share a direct hypernym or multiple independent hypernyms with the reference term.
  • Related terms: Terms etymologically related to the reference term.
  • See also: Terms otherwise semantically related to the reference term. Non-entry dictionary pages, such appendices and categories, can also be listed here.
  • Further reading: Links to external sites, including sister Wikimedia projects.

Entry setup template edit

The following is are two page creation input box intended to be used to make new entries more quickly. The first box is designed to be used to setup more detailed entries while the second is designed to be used for simpler entries.

Evaluating etymologies edit

The following ratings are based on those described on Werdna Yrneh Yarg's user page.

  • [0] = Absolutely not - Only even noted for folk etymologies
  • [1] = Exceedingly unlikely
  • [2] = Unlikely
  • [3] = Questionable, potentially - suggested, but lacking clear/attested supporting evidence
  • [4] = Possible
  • [5] = Probable
  • [6] = Likely
  • [7] = Most likely, *Unattested, Ostensibly, Apparently
  • [8] = Attested
  • [9] = Obvious - only for connections within a lect or language community

Details to consider of etymons to consider:

  • Similarity in meaning
  • Existence of others terms in the reference language with a similar meaning to the reference term
  • Similarity in pronunciation
  • Level of contact between language communities
  • Existence of other terms in the reference language with a similar etymology
  • Proposed time period of the development
  • Early attestation of the reference term
  • Confidence in specific etymon
  • Attestation of proposed etymon
  • For specific origin claims, how straightforward is the etymology so that the reference term might have other parallel or antedating sources?

Accepted labels edit

Language and family codes edit

Top-level categories edit

Standard voting and discussion responses edit

  •   Support
      Strong support
      Weak support
  •   Keep
      Speedy keep
      Weak keep
  •   Restore
  •   Agree
  •   Done
  •   Resolved
  •   Half done
  •   Comment
  •   Info
  •   Request
  •   Question
  •   I withdraw my support
  •   I withdraw my nomination
  •   Oppose
      Strong oppose
      Weak oppose
  •   Delist
  •   Delist and replace
  •   Delete
      Speedy delete
      Weak delete
  •   Disagree
  •   Not done
  •   Neutral
  •   On hold
  •   Abstain
  •   Great

Accent characteristics edit

  • Inside words, it is not uncommon for me to realize /t/ and /d/ as [ɾ] (as in ladder/latter) or less commonly [ʔ] (as in button, which differentiates it from butt in [bʌɾɪn]).
  • At the end of words, instances of /t/ are often realized as [ʔ], such as in wont and combat.
  • caught and cot are homophones.
  • I frequently realize the cluster ⟨ing⟩, or homophones, as /iŋ/. Examples are thing and ink.
  • It is not uncommon for me to realize the cluster ⟨ing⟩ at the end of present participles as /ɪn/, especially in casual or quick speech. The standard representation of this is ⟨in'⟩.
  • The term pure is often realized [pçɪɹ] ~ [pjɪɹ], similarly to pier and peer, which are [pɪɹ]. A similar thing sometimes happens with cure, realized [kçɪɹ] ~ [kjɪɹ].
  • The vowel /æ/ is raised in environments typical of the Western US, such as before /ŋ/ as well as before /n/ and /m/.
  • The vowels /ə/ and /ʌ/ as well as /ɝ/ and /ɚ/ are not actually produced differently. See [1] and Appendix:English pronunciation#cite note-North American er-12.
  • The pairs colt/cult, bull/bowl, and poll/pull can be homophones for me, but I can also differentiate bull/bowl and poll/pull in other instances/when careful. This is probably part of the reason poll/pull don't seem to rhyme with bull/bowl for me. Apparently this is called the hull–hole merger.
  • I sometimes realize the word final sequence /sts/ in an interesting way. More specifically, it seems I realize /sts/ sometimes as [sɾs] as might be expected, but more often it is something like [sː]. Part of the reasoning beyond the gemination notation rather than transcribing it as a singleton [s] is that a word like pests ([pɛsɾs] ~ [pɛsː]) seems distinct to me from a hypothetical word pess which would I would pronounce simply as [pɛs]. Overall, this suggests an unconscious or nascent consonant length distinction which could become more prominent or concious in the future. Other words were similar proccesses occur include rests and heists.