Coined by Peter T. Daniels from the Arabic name for an older order of presenting the letters of the Arabic script, formed from its first four letters in that order, a-b-ǧ-d: أَبْجَد (ʾabjad). Compare Greek α, β, γ, δ, ...
abjad (plural abjads)
- (linguistics) A writing system, similar to a syllabary, in which there is one glyph (that is a symbol or letter) for each consonant or consonantal phoneme. Some languages that use abjads are Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, and Urdu. Abjads differ from syllabaries (such as the Japanese hiragana) in that the vowel quality of each letter is left unspecified, and must be inferred from context and grammar.
abjad m (plural abjads)
- (orthography) abjad (writing system with a symbol for each consonant)