文字

ChineseEdit

 
language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
 
letter; symbol; character; word
simp. and trad.
(文字)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

文字 (classifier )

  1. written symbols; writing; script; text; characters
  2. writing style wording; language

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 文字 ‎(mjun dziH, literally writing + character). Compare modern Cantonese reading man4 zi6.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

文字 ‎(hiragana もんじ, romaji monji)

  1. a letter, a character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
Usage notesEdit

This reading is less common than moji below.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

/mond͡ʑi//mod͡ʑi/

Sound shift from monji above.[3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

文字 ‎(hiragana もじ, romaji moji)

  1. a letter or character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
  8. (chiefly Kansai) the tails side of a coin, the side with writing on it
  9. (chiefly Kansai, by extension) a coin, money
Usage notesEdit

This reading is more common than monji above.

The tails and coin, money senses are specific to this moji reading.[3]

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

文字 ‎(munja) ‎(hangeul 문자)

  1. Hanja form? of 문자, “letter”.
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