See also: Asteroid

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: ăs'tə-roid", IPA(key): /ˈæst(ə)ɹɔɪd/
  • (file)

Etymology 1 edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
An asteroid.

From aster +‎ -oid, lit. "star-like". Coined by William Herschel.

Noun edit

asteroid (plural asteroids)

  1. (astronomy) A naturally occurring solid object, which is smaller than a planet and a dwarf planet, larger than a meteoroid and not a comet, that orbits a star and often has an irregular shape.
  2. (astronomy) In the Solar system, such a body that orbits within the orbit of Jupiter
    • 2007, Hannu Karttunen et al., editors, Fundamental Astronomy, 5th edition, page 131:
      The orbital planes of asteroids, minor bodies that circle the Sun mainly between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, are often more tilted ...
Usage notes edit

The term "asteroid" has never been precisely defined. It was coined for objects which looked like stars in a telescope but moved like planets. These were known from the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, and were later found co-orbiting with Jupiter (Trojan asteroids) and within the orbit of Mars. They were naturally distinguished from comets, which did not look at all starlike. Starting in the 1970s, small non-cometary bodies were found outside the orbit of Jupiter, and usage became divided as to whether to call these "asteroids" as well. Some astronomers restrict the term "asteroid" to rocky or rocky-icy bodies with orbits up to Jupiter. They may retain the term planetoid for all small bodies, and thus tend to use it for icy or rocky-icy bodies beyond Jupiter, or may use dedicated words such as centaurs, Kuiper belt objects, transneptunian objects, etc. for the latter. Other astronomers use "asteroid" for all non-cometary bodies smaller than a planet, even large ones such as Sedna and (occasionally) Pluto. However, the distinction between asteroid and comet is an artificial one; many outer "asteroids" would become comets if they ventured nearer the Sun. The IAU terminology since 2006 has been small Solar System body for any body that orbits the Sun directly and whose shape is not dominated by gravity.

Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Translations edit

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἀστεροειδής (asteroeidḗs), from ἀστήρ (astḗr, star) + εἶδος (eîdos, form). Analyzable as aster- +‎ -oid

Noun edit

asteroid (plural asteroids)

  1. (zoology) Any member of the taxonomic class Asteroidea; a starfish.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

asteroid m inan

  1. asteroid

Declension edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • asteroid in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • asteroid in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • asteroid in Internetová jazyková příručka

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɑsteˈroi̯d̥/, [ɑsteˈroi̯d̥], /ˈɑsteroi̯d̥/, [ˈɑsteroi̯d̥]

Noun edit

asteroid (genitive asteroidi, partitive asteroidi)

  1. asteroid

Declension edit

Declension of asteroid (ÕS type 22e/riik, length gradation)
singular plural
nominative asteroid asteroidid
accusative nom.
gen. asteroidi
genitive asteroidide
partitive asteroidi asteroide
asteroidisid
illative asteroidi
asteroidisse
asteroididesse
asteroidesse
inessive asteroidis asteroidides
asteroides
elative asteroidist asteroididest
asteroidest
allative asteroidile asteroididele
asteroidele
adessive asteroidil asteroididel
asteroidel
ablative asteroidilt asteroididelt
asteroidelt
translative asteroidiks asteroidideks
asteroideks
terminative asteroidini asteroidideni
essive asteroidina asteroididena
abessive asteroidita asteroidideta
comitative asteroidiga asteroididega

Further reading edit

  • asteroid”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language] (in Estonian) (online version), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2009

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From English asteroid.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [asteˈroɪt̚]
  • Hyphenation: as‧té‧ro‧id

Noun edit

astéroid (first-person possessive asteroidku, second-person possessive asteroidmu, third-person possessive asteroidnya)

  1. (astronomy) asteroid
    Synonym: planetoid

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French astéroïde.

Noun edit

asteroid m (plural asteroizi)

  1. asteroid

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

 
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

asteròīd m (Cyrillic spelling астеро̀ӣд)

  1. asteroid

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • asteroid” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

asteroȋd m inan

  1. asteroid

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. asteroȋd
gen. sing. asteroȋda
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
asteroȋd asteroȋda asteroȋdi
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
asteroȋda asteroȋdov asteroȋdov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
asteroȋdu asteroȋdoma asteroȋdom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
asteroȋd asteroȋda asteroȋde
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
asteroȋdu asteroȋdih asteroȋdih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
asteroȋdom asteroȋdoma asteroȋdi

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

asteroid c

  1. asteroid

Declension edit

Declension of asteroid 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative asteroid asteroiden asteroider asteroiderna
Genitive asteroids asteroidens asteroiders asteroidernas