English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Latin pīca (jay; magpie). Doublet of pie (magpie).

  • (pathology): From the idea that magpies will eat almost anything.

Noun

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pica (countable and uncountable, plural picas)

  1. (pathology, usually uncountable) A disorder characterized by appetite and craving for non-edible substances, such as chalk, clay, dirt, ice, or sand.
    Synonyms: allotriophagy, chthonophagia, cittosis, geophagy, (obsolete, rare) pique
    • 1986, George S Baroff, Mental retardation: nature, cause, and management:
      The three most common nonfood picas were eating of strings and rags; feces, vomit, and urine; and paper, cigarettes, and soil.
  2. (countable) A magpie.
Translations
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Further reading

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Etymology 2

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From Medieval Latin pica (pica: a service book), possibly from Latin pīca (magpie) after the piebald appearance of the typeset page (cf. pie (disordered type)). The relation to the printer's measure is unclear, as no edition of the text in pica type is known. The French pica derives from English rather than vice versa.[1]

Noun

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pica (countable and uncountable, plural picas)

  1. (typography, printing, uncountable) A size of type between small pica and English, now standardized as 12-point.
    • 1790, James Boswell, edited by Danziger & Brady, Boswell: The Great Biographer, Yale, published 1989, page 30:
      I had been at Baldwin's before dinner in consequence of a letter from him which showed me that, by using a pica instead of an English letter in printing my book, I might comprise it within such a number of sheets as a guinea-volume should contain [] .
  2. (typography, uncountable, usually with qualifier) A font of this size.
  3. (typography, countable) A unit of length equivalent to 12 points, officially 3583 cm (0.166 in) after 1886 but now (computing) 16 in.
    Coordinate terms: cicero, em, en, point
  4. (uncommon, ecclesiastical) A pie or directory: the book directing Roman Catholic observance of saints' days and other feasts under various calendars.
Derived terms
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Translations
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Further reading

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Etymology 3

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Noun

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pica (plural picas)

  1. Archaic form of pika (small lagomorph).
    • 1895, Richard Lydekker, The Royal Natural History, volume 3, page 190:
      Most travellers in the Himalaya are familiar with the pretty little Rodents, known as picas, tailless hares, or mouse-hares, which may be seen in the higher regions []

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "pica, n.1" & "pica, n.2". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2006.

Anagrams

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Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Latin pīla (mortar), with an unexplained change from /l/ to /k/. Compare Spanish pila (sink, font).

Noun

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pica f (plural piques)

  1. bowl
    pica beneiteraholy water font
  2. sink
    Synonym: lavabo
    • 2006, Sergi Pàmies, “Com dues gotes d'aigua”, in Si menges una llimona sense fer ganyotes [If you eat a lemon without making a face]:
      Quan neix, la gota encara no sap que d'aquí a dos segons s'esclafarà contra la pica de la cuina.
      When it's born, the droplet doesn't yet know that in two seconds it will smash against the kitchen sink.
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Spanish pica (pike).

Noun

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pica f (plural piques)

  1. (weaponry) pike
  2. (card games) spade

Etymology 3

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Borrowed from Latin pīca (magpie).

Noun

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pica f (uncountable)

  1. (pathology) pica (disorder characterized by craving and appetite for non-edible substances)

Etymology 4

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Deverbal from picar.

Noun

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pica f (plural piques)

  1. peak, summit
    Synonyms: pic, cim, cima

Etymology 5

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Borrowed from French pika, from an Evenki word.

Noun

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pica f (plural piques)

  1. pika (small, furry mammal)

Etymology 6

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Verb

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pica

  1. inflection of picar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

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Galician

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Galician Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gl

Noun

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pica m (plural picas)

  1. pipit
  2. (card games) spade (a playing card of the suit spades, picas)

Verb

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pica

  1. inflection of picar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Italian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpi.ka/
  • Rhymes: -ika
  • Hyphenation: pì‧ca

Noun

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pica f (plural piche)

  1. picacismo
  2. magpie

Anagrams

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Latin

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Etymology

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From Proto-Italic *peikā, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peyk- (woodpecker; magpie), whence also Latin pīcus (woodpecker).

Romance forms in -e- might reflect a different etymon, such as the Umbrian peico (acc.sg.), where the product of /ei/'s monophthongisation coincided with the latin /ē/. Cognate to Sanskrit पिक (piká, cuckoo), German Specht (woodpecker), Swedish spett (crowbar, skewer; kind of woodpecker).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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pīca f (genitive pīcae); first declension

  1. magpie

Declension

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First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pīca pīcae
Genitive pīcae pīcārum
Dative pīcae pīcīs
Accusative pīcam pīcās
Ablative pīcā pīcīs
Vocative pīca pīcae
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Descendants

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  • Vulgar Latin: *pēca (dialectal or from Sabellic)
  • Catalan: piga (freckle)
  • Italian: pica
  • Norman: piêté
  • Occitan: piga
  • Occitan: pigal, pigalha (freckle), pigasat (pied, spotted, variegated)
  • Old French: pie
  • Sardinian: piga (Logudorian)
  • Sicilian: pica
  • Spanish: picaza (crossed with Germanic *agattjā (magpie))
  • Basque: mika
  • Breton: pig
  • Catalan: pica
  • English: pica
  • Esperanto: pigo
  • Ido: pigo
  • ? Scottish Gaelic: pioghaid

References

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Further reading

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  • pica”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pica”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pica in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

Latvian

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pica

Etymology

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From Italian pizza.

Noun

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pica f (4th declension)

  1. pizza

Declension

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Old Polish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /pit͡sa/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /pit͡sa/

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *piťa.

Noun

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pica f

  1. (attested in Greater Poland) fodder, food, nourishment
    • 1890 [End of the 15th century], Bolesław Erzepki, editor, Szczątki dawnej polszczyzny[1], Mogilno, page 182:
      Alimentum piczą vel pocarm
      [Alimentum pica vel pokarm]
  2. (attested in Greater Poland) Confusion of Latin armentum (draft animal) for Latin alimentum (food, nourishment) or Latin frūmentum (grain).
    • 1916 [second half of the 15th century], Stanisław Słoński, editor, Psałterz puławski[2], Greater Poland, page Hab 29:
      Nye będze pycze w yaszlyech (non erit armentum in praesaepibus Hab 3, 17)
      [Nie będzie pice w jaślech (non erit armentum in praesaepibus Hab 3, 17)]
  3. (attested in Masovia) Type of tribute; free food supply donated to an army.
    • 1863 [1447], Jan Tadeusz Lubomirski, editor, Kodeks dyplomatyczny księstwa mazowieckiego[3], Masovia, page 213:
      Ab eisdem serviciis, videlicet portacione pabulorum al. pycza, a coquina... absoluimus et liberamus
      [Ab eisdem serviciis, videlicet portacione pabulorum al. pica, a coquina... absoluimus et liberamus]
Derived terms
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verb
Descendants
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  • Polish: (obsolete) pica (fodder)

Etymology 2

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic.

Noun

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pica f

  1. (attested in Lesser Poland) vulva
    • 1874-1891 [1447], Rozprawy i Sprawozdania z Posiedzeń Wydziału Filologicznego Akademii Umiejętności[4], [5], [6], volume XXII, Lublin, page 55:
      Pi[s]cza
      [Pi[s]ca]
Descendants
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  • Polish: pica (cunt)

Further reading

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Polish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Polish pica (fodder).

Noun

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pica f

  1. (obsolete) fodder, forage
    Synonyms: furaż, pasza
Declension
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Derived terms
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noun
verb

Etymology 2

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Inherited from Old Polish pica (vulva).

Noun

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pica f (diminutive piczka)

  1. (vulgar) cunt, pussy (female genitalia)
    Synonyms: cipa, pizda, psiocha
Declension
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Further reading

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Portuguese

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Pronunciation

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  • Rhymes: -ikɐ
  • Hyphenation: pi‧ca

Etymology 1

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Deverbal from picar.

Noun

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pica f (plural picas)

  1. (Portugal) act of mincing
  2. (historical, rare) pike (long spear)
    Synonym: pique
  3. (Brazil, colloquial, vulgar) dick; prick; penis
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:pénis
  4. (Portugal, childish) jab (medical injection)
    Synonym: injeção
  5. (Portugal, colloquial) energy; power
    Já estou com a pica toda.I'm full of energy.
  6. (Portugal, colloquial) enthusiasm, will
    Falta-me pica para continuar o projetoI'm lacking enthusiasm to continue with the project.
  7. (Portugal, slang) joint (marijuana cigarette)
Derived terms
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Noun

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pica m (plural picas)

  1. (Portugal, informal) ticket inspector
    Synonym: revisor

Adjective

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pica m or f (plural picas)

  1. (Southeast Brazil, vulgar) awesome; amazing; cool
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Learned borrowing from Latin pīca

Noun

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pica f (plural picas)

  1. (pathology) pica

Etymology 3

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Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Borrowed from English pica, ultimately from Latin pīca.

Noun

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pica f (plural picas)

  1. (typography, printing, rare) pica
    Synonym: paica

Etymology 4

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From pico (tip).

Noun

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pica f (plural picas)

  1. (Portugal) dace; chub (fish of the genus Leuciscus)
    Synonyms: escalo, robalinho
  2. (Portugal) atherine (fish of the genus Atherina)
    Synonym: peixe-rei

Etymology 5

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Borrowed from French pika.

Noun

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pica f (plural picas)

  1. pika (mammal of the family Ochotonidae)

Etymology 6

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Borrowed from English pic.

Noun

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pica f (plural picas)

  1. (Brazil, Internet slang, 4chan, humorous) pic (short for picture, meaning image)

Etymology 7

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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pica

  1. inflection of picar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

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Romanian

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Etymology 1

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From pic, as a word originally in reference to drops of liquid. Compare also Aromanian chicu.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /piˈka/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: pi‧ca

Verb

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a pica (third-person singular present pică, past participle picat) 1st conj.

  1. (intransitive) to fall
    Synonym: cădea
  2. (intransitive, of systems or connections) to fail, have downtime, be interrupted
  3. (transitive, archaic) to have drops of liquid fall on something or someone
  4. (transitive, obsolete) to drip a liquid
  5. (transitive or reflexive, obsolete or regional) to stain something, respectively oneself
  6. (transitive, regional, uncommon) to hit (in aggression, with a blunt object)
  7. (transitive) to fail an exam
    Antonyms: promova, (informal) lua
  8. (transitive, informal) to fail a student
  9. (intransitive, informal, of examination topics) to be arbitrarily assigned
    În fiecare an, liceenii se întreabă ce le va pica la bacalaureatul de română. Toți speră că va pica un subiect ușor, cum ar fi basmul sau nuvela.
    Each year, high schoolers wonder what they’ll get for the Romanian language baccalaureate. They all hope to get an easy subject, such as the folk tale or the short story.
  10. (intransitive, mildly informal) to fall on a date
    Synonym: cădea
  11. (intransitive, informal, now uncommon, of people) to come by, appear
    Synonyms: apărea, își face apariția, se ivi
  12. (intransitive, informal, of things) to fall into one’s hands, fall into one’s lap [+dative]
Usage notes
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In the primary meaning of “fall”, pica differs from cădea in formality (pica is slightly more informal) and in being less likely to be used figuratively with the meaning of “collapse”.

Conjugation
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from French piquer.

Verb

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a pica (third-person singular present pichează, past participle picat) 1st conj.

  1. (intransitive, of aircraft) to dive
Conjugation
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Etymology 3

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Borrowed from Latin pīca.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpi.ka/
  • Rhymes: -ika
  • Hyphenation: pi‧ca

Noun

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pica f (uncountable)

  1. pica
Declension
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Etymology 4

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Noun

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pica

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of pică

References

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Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology 1

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Hypocoristic form derived from pízda (cunt).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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píca f (Cyrillic spelling пи́ца)

  1. (vulgar, hypocoristic) cunt, pussy
Declension
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Etymology 2

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From Italian pizza.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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pȉca f (Cyrillic spelling пи̏ца)

  1. pizza
Declension
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Slovene

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Italian pizza.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /pìːt͡sa/, /píːt͡sa/

Noun

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pīca f

  1. pizza

Inflection

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The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. píca
gen. sing. píce
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
píca píci píce
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
píce píc píc
dative
(dajȃlnik)
píci pícama pícam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
píco píci píce
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
píci pícah pícah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
píco pícama pícami

Further reading

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  • pica”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈpika/ [ˈpi.ka]
  • Rhymes: -ika
  • Syllabification: pi‧ca

Etymology 1

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Deverbal from picar.

Noun

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pica f (plural picas)

  1. pike, lance
  2. pick (digging tool)
  3. (card games) spade (a playing card of the suit spades, picas)
Derived terms
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See also
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Suits in Spanish · palos (layout · text)
       
corazones diamantes picas tréboles

Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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pica f (countable and uncountable, plural picas)

  1. (pathology, usually uncountable) pica (a disorder characterized by appetite and craving for non-edible substances)

Etymology 3

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Verb

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pica

  1. inflection of picar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

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