See also: bêsta, bestå, and bésta

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aː

VerbEdit

besta

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bestaan
  2. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of bestaan
  3. imperative of bestaan

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

 
bestas bravas ("wild horses") in Galicia

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese besta, from Latin bēstia (beast).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. beast (quadruped animal)
  2. horse or any other equine
    • 1326, Antonio López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 295:
      pelas bestas de caualgar et carrega
      for the animals [used] for riding or for carrying load
    • 1813, anonymous, Conversa no adro da igrexa:
      Dixêronme que asta á besta que trouxêra á balixâ con tan boa notisea, chegara mais sedo do que habia doito leda coma un cuco.
      They told me that even the horse that brought the postbag with such good news arrived earlier than usual, happy as a lark.
  3. mount
    • 1775, María Francisca Isla y Losada, Romance:
      Virés acò meu Dieguiño
      cando ò tempo milloràr,
      porqe si escorrega á Besta
      è esbarroufàs, alabay.
      You'll come here my little Diego
      when the weather improves
      because if the mount slips
      and you sprawl, here goes nothing!
  4. mare
    Synonym: egua
  5. (figuratively) brute
    Synonym: bruto
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. Misspelling of bésta.

ReferencesEdit

  • besta” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • besta” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • besta” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • besta” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • besta” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

besta f (definite singular besta, indefinite plural bester or bestor, definite plural bestene or bestone)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by beste f
  2. definite singular of beste f

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

besta (present tense bestar or bester, past tense besta or beste, supine and past participle besta or best, present participle bestande, imperative best)

  1. Alternative spelling of beste

Etymology 3Edit

AdjectiveEdit

besta

  1. (dialectal or obsolete) neuter definite singular of best

Old PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably borrowed from Latin bēstia (beast).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

besta f

  1. beast (a non-human animal, especially large vertebrate quadrupeds)
  2. beast of burden, donkey

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Galician: besta
  • Portuguese: besta

PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese besta, probably borrowed from Latin bēstia (beast). Doublet of bicha.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Noun:

Verb:

  • Hyphenation: bes‧ta

NounEdit

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. beast (any large animal)
  2. beast of burden (animal used to transport cargo)
  3. ass (any of several species of horse-like animals)
  4. (derogatory) fool; idiot (stupid person)
  5. (euphemistic) the Beast; Satan
  6. (by extension) a monster
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

besta

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of bestar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of bestar

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Portuguese baesta (crossbow), from Latin ballista, from Ancient Greek βαλλίστρα (ballístra). Not related to above meaning of Satan (folk etymology).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

besta f (plural bestas)

  1. crossbow (weapon consisting of a bow mounted on a stock)
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit