calculate
EnglishEdit
EtymologyEdit
Borrowed from Latin calculātus, perfect passive participle of calculō (“I reckon, originally by means of pebbles”), from calculus (“a pebble”). Refer to calculus for origin.
PronunciationEdit
VerbEdit
calculate (thirdperson singular simple present calculates, present participle calculating, simple past and past participle calculated)
 (transitive, mathematics) To determine the value of something or the solution to something by a mathematical process.
 Calculate the square root of 3 to 10 decimal places.
 (intransitive, mathematics) To determine values or solutions by a mathematical process; reckon.
 (intransitive, US, dialect) To plan; to expect; to think.
 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
 I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
 To ascertain or predict by mathematical or astrological computations the time, circumstances, or other conditions of; to forecast or compute the character or consequences of.
 1591, William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Sixt, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
 A cunning man did calculate my birth.
 to calculate or cast one's nativity
 To adjust for purpose; to adapt by forethought or calculation; to fit or prepare by the adaptation of means to an end.
 a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Advantages of Religion to particular Persons
 [Religion] is […] calculated for our benefit.
 to calculate a system of laws for the government and protection of a free people
 a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Advantages of Religion to particular Persons
ConjugationEdit
conjugation of calculate
infinitive  calculate  

present participle  calculating  
past participle  calculated  
simple  progressive  perfect  perfect progressive  
present  I calculate  we calculate  I am calculating  we are calculating  I have calculated  we have calculated  I have been calculating  we have been calculating  
you calculate  you calculate  you are calculating  you are calculating  you have calculated  you have calculated  you have been calculating  you have been calculating  
he calculates  they calculate  he is calculating  they are calculating  he has calculated  they have calculated  he has been calculating  they have been calculating  
past  I calculated  we calculated  I was calculating  we were calculating  I had calculated  we had calculated  I had been calculating  we had been calculating  
you calculated  you calculated  you were calculating  you were calculating  you had calculated  you had calculated  you had been calculating  you had been calculating  
he calculated  they calculated  he was calculating  they were calculating  he had calculated  they had calculated  he had been calculating  they had been calculating  
future  I will calculate  we will calculate  I will be calculating  we will be calculating  I will have calculated  we will have calculated  I will have been calculating  we will have been calculating  
you will calculate  you will calculate  you will be calculating  you will be calculating  you will have calculated  you will have calculated  you will have been calculating  you will have been calculating  
he will calculate  they will calculate  he will be calculating  they will be calculating  he will have calculated  they will have calculated  he will have been calculating  they will have been calculating  
conditional  I would calculate  we would calculate  I would be calculating  we would be calculating  I would have calculated  we would have calculated  I would have been calculating  we would have been calculating  
you would calculate  you would calculate  you would be calculating  you would be calculating  you would have calculated  you would have calculated  you would have been calculating  you would have been calculating  
he would calculate  they would calculate  he would be calculating  they would be calculating  he would have calculated  they would have calculated  he would have been calculating  they would have been calculating  
imperative  calculate 
SynonymsEdit
 (determine value of or solution to): compute, reckon (old), work out
 (determine values or solutions): compute, reckon (old)
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
(transitive) to determine the value or solution of sth.


(intransitive) to determine values or solutions


(intransitive) plan

Further readingEdit
 calculate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
 calculate in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.
 “calculate” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.
LatinEdit
VerbEdit
calculāte
 secondperson plural present active imperative of calculō
 "calculate ye, compute ye"
 (figurative) "consider ye as, esteem ye"
ParticipleEdit
calculāte