See also:
U+8A08, 計
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A08

[U+8A07]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A09]

Translingual edit

 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 149, +2, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜口十 (YRJ), four-corner 04600, composition )

Derived characters edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1147, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35220
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1613, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3937, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8A08

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𧨻

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (say) + (all).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • gai3, gai3-2 - “plot”, “way to deal with something”;
  • gei3 - in 夥計伙计.
Note: gai5* - “plot”.
Note:
  • ki - literary;
  • kie - vernacular.
Note:
  • kè - literary;
  • kì/kòe - vernacular.
Note:
  • goi3 - vernacular;
  • gi3 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕi⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕi⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sz̩⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕi³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ki⁵³/
Taoyuan /ke⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐi³³/
Nanning /kɐi³³/
Hong Kong /kɐi³³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /ke²¹/
/ki²¹/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /kiɛ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ki³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /koi²¹³/
/ki²¹³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ki³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter kejH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/keiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/keiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛjH/
Li
Rong
/keiH/
Wang
Li
/kieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gai3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁij-s/
English calculate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5835
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kiːds/

Definitions edit

  1. to calculate; to count
    [Cantonese]  ―  gai3 hei2 tiu4 sou3 [Jyutping]  ―  (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      ―  shù yǐ bǎi   ―  to number in the hundreds
    幾多 [Cantonese, trad.]
    几多 [Cantonese, simp.]
    gai3 haa5 nei go3 jyut6 jung6 zo2 gei2 do1 cin4-2 [Jyutping]
    to calculate how much was spent this month
  2. to amount to
    學生520 [MSC, trad.]
    学生520 [MSC, simp.]
    Quán xiào yǒu xuéshēng 520 rén. [Pinyin]
    The school has 520 students in total.
  3. (chiefly in the negative) to consider; to be concerned with
    後果后果  ―  hòuguǒ  ―  to not be concerned about consequences
  4. to plan; to plot
  5. plan; plot; scheme
      ―  zhòng  ―  to fall into a trap
    反間反间  ―  fǎnjiàn  ―  stratagem of letting the enemy's own spy sow discord in the enemy camp
  6. (Cantonese) solution; way to deal with something
    [Cantonese]  ―  nam2 gai3-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to think of a way to deal with something
    [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 gai3-2 [Jyutping]  ―  one can't do anything about it
  7. (Cantonese) to regard as; to consider
  8. gauge
    安培安培  ―  ānpéi  ―  ammeter
  9. (Hokkien) all
  10. a surname
      ―  Liùqí  ―  Ji Liuqi (Ming and Qing dynasty historian who authored the histories 明季北略 and 明季南略)

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
けい
Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC kejH).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けい) (kei

  1. plan, total

Suffix edit

(けい) (-kei

  1. -meter (measuring device)

Prefix edit

(けい) (kei-

  1. a total of…, in total

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [kje̞(ː)] ~ [ke̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (sel gye))

  1. Hanja form? of (count; calculation).
  2. Hanja form? of (plan).
  3. Hanja form? of (total).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: , kế
: Nôm readings: , , kẻ, kẽ, kế, kể

  1. chữ Hán form of kế (a plot; a scheme; a stratagem).
  2. Nôm form of ((placed after the main verb) to obtain a share of something with someone).
  3. Nôm form of kẻ ((pejorative) individual, person, man).
  4. Nôm form of kể (to tell).