See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
算-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山廿 (HBUT), four-corner 88446, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 888, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26146
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1315, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2981, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7B97

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

In current form,  +  + . The portion may have originally represented counting rods (or possibly an abacus, although the character is believed to predate its invention). Such rods were typically made from bamboo.

EtymologyEdit

It has been compared with Tibetan འཆོར་བ ‎('chor ba) by Gong Huangcheng (1991), although this is unlikely. The Old Chinese coda was *-r, as conserved in Japanese 算盤 (そろばん) ‎(soroban, abacus).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suan⁵¹/
Harbin /suan⁵³/
Tianjin /suan⁵³/
Jinan /suã²¹/
Qingdao /suã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suan³¹²/
Xi'an /suã⁴⁴/
Xining /suã²¹³/
Yinchuan /suan¹³/ ~術
/suan⁵³/ ~了
Lanzhou /suɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /suan²¹³/
Wuhan /san³⁵/
Chengdu /suan¹³/
Guiyang /suan²¹³/
Kunming /suã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /suaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /sʊ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /suɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /suæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
Suzhou /sø⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /sø⁴²/
Hui Shexian /so³²⁴/
Tunxi /suːə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /sõ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /sɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /son⁵³/
Taoyuan /son⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /syn³³/
Nanning /ɬyn³³/
Hong Kong /syn³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan²¹/
/sŋ̍²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɔuŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²¹³/
/sɯŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²³/
/tui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/sʷɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/suɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swanX/
Li
Rong
/suɑnX/
Wang
Li
/suɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ swanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤorʔ-s/
English calculate; tally

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12137 12140
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sloːnʔ/ /*sloːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to count, to calculate, to figure
  2. to plan
  3. to guess
  4. to regard as
  5. to count, to be of significance
  6. to let it pass, to give up
  7. finally

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Counting, calculation

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(san) (hangeul , revised san, McCune-Reischauer san, Yale san)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(toán, toan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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