See also:
U+7B97, 算
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B97

[U+7B96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B98]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 118, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹月山廿 (HBUT), four-corner 88446, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 888, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26146
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1315, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2981, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7B97

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
variant and 2nd round simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

In current form, (bamboo) + + .

The portion may have originally represented counting rods (or possibly an abacus, although the character is believed to predate its invention). Such rods were typically made from bamboo.

EtymologyEdit

It has been compared with Tibetan གཤོར (gshor, to count, to measure, to weigh) by Gong (1995).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sǹg/sùiⁿ - colloquial;
  • soàn - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /suan⁵¹/
    Harbin /suan⁵³/
    Tianjin /suan⁵³/
    Jinan /suã²¹/
    Qingdao /suã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /suan³¹²/
    Xi'an /suã⁴⁴/
    Xining /suã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /suan¹³/ ~術
    /suan⁵³/ ~了
    Lanzhou /suɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /suan²¹³/
    Wuhan /san³⁵/
    Chengdu /suan¹³/
    Guiyang /suan²¹³/
    Kunming /suã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /suaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /sʊ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /suæ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /suɑŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /suæ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
    Suzhou /sø⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /sø⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /so³²⁴/
    Tunxi /suːə⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /sõ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /sɔn⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /son⁵³/
    Taoyuan /son⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /syn³³/
    Nanning /ɬyn³³/
    Hong Kong /syn³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan²¹/
    /sŋ̍²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɔuŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²¹³/
    /sɯŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ²³/
    /tui³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /suɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /suɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /suɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /suɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /suɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    suàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ swanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁorʔ-s/
    English calculate; tally

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 12137 12140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sloːnʔ/ /*sloːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to count; to calculate; to figure
    2. to plan; to arrange; to design
    3. to guess; to estimate; to approximate
    4. to regard as; to consider
    5. to count; to be of significance
    6. to let it pass; to give up
    7. finally; eventually

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. Counting, calculation

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC suɑnX).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠ːn]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (sem san))

    1. Hanja form? of (to count; to calculate).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: toán, toan

    1. mathematics