See also: ETC and etc

EnglishEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English et cetera, etc., from Latin etc., an abbreviation of et cetera (and the rest [of the things]; and the other things).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌɛt ˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/, /ˌɛkˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/ (See Usage below)
    (file)

PhraseEdit

etc.

  1. And so on: used to note that the rest of a list or piece of information has been left out on the assumption that it is similar or already known.
    The grocery shop sells cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, etc.
    The plagiarism was painfully obvious: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times," etc.

Usage notesEdit

  • "Etc." is typically read out as the full Latin phrase et cetera rather than as letters (as with "i.e.") or as a contraction (as with "et seq."). It is, however, sometimes read out as its English calque and so on (as with "e.g.").
  • In Latin, et cetera refers solely to other things. It is therefore properly avoided in lists of people, where "et al." (that is, et alii) is used instead. "Et al." is thus sometimes sharply distinguished from "etc." in English, although the same abbreviation can also stand for the Latin et alia, which is a synonym of "etc."
  • Because "etc." effectively makes a list exhaustive, it is properly avoided when using other abbreviations (such as "e.g." and "viz.") that offer partial examples. If the "etc." is desired, "i.e." may be used in their places.
  • Some speakers use a /k/ sound in place of the /t/ in the first word. This is usually proscribed and somewhat stigmatized. It is represented in eye dialect as "excetera", "exetera", or "ekcetera".

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

Abbreviation of et cetera.

AdverbEdit

etc.

  1. etc.

SynonymsEdit


FalaEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Latin et cetera (and more).

AdverbEdit

etc.

  1. etc. (and the rest; and so forth)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Anexu: Nossa Fala:
      Por siglus, a xienti de capital (rica) i as mismas Instituciós (Iglexiia, Escuelas, Xiusticia, funcionarius, etc.) tiñan a fala cumu algo de ignorantis, atrasaus, vulgariai.
      For centuries, the people from the capital (rich) and the same institutions (Church, Schools, Justice, public servants, etc.) held Fala as something of ignorant people, backward people, vulgarity.

FrenchEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛt.se.te.ʁa/, (proscribed) /ɛk.se.te.ʁa/
  • (Quebec) IPA(key): /ɛt.se.te.ʁa/, (informal) /ɛt.ʃe.te.ʁa/
  • (file)
  • (file)

AdverbEdit

etc.

  1. et cetera (and so on)

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

etc.

  1. etc.

SynonymsEdit


HungarianEdit

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EtymologyEdit

An abbreviation of Hungarian etcetera, from Latin et cetera (and the rest [of the things]; and the other things).

PronounEdit

etc.

  1. etc.

SynonymsEdit


LatinEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

  • &c (dated, rare outside titles)
  • &c.

AdverbEdit

etc.

  1. et cētera (and so forth)

Middle EnglishEdit

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PhraseEdit

etc.

  1. Alternative form of et cetera

PortugueseEdit

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PronunciationEdit

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /et(ʃ)(i)ˈsɛteɾɐ/
  • (European Portuguese) IPA(key): /etɨˈsɛteɾɐ/

PhraseEdit

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of et cetera.

SpanishEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of etcétera.

SwedishEdit

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AdverbEdit

etc.

  1. Abbreviation of et cetera. Abbreviation of etcetera.