See also: ENS, Ens., -ens, -eņš, and -ēns

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɛnz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnz

Etymology 1 edit

From Late Latin ēns (thing), from esse (to be). See entity.

Noun edit

ens (plural enses or entia)

  1. (philosophy) An entity or being; an existing thing, as opposed to a quality or attribute.
    • 1791, Erasmus Darwin, The Economy of Vegetation, J. Johnson, page 41:
      Forms sphered in fire with trembling light array'd, / Ens without weight, and substance without shade [] .
    • 1860, John Henry Macmahon, A treatise on metaphysics: chiefly in reference to revealed religion, page 195:
      the Nature of the Supreme Ens
  2. (chemistry, alchemy, now historical) Something supposed to condense within itself all the virtues and qualities of a substance from which it is extracted; an essence, an active principle.
    • 2006, Philip Ball, The Devil's Doctor, Arrow, published 2007, page 245:
      Here he states that there are five ‘active principles’ – the five Enses or entia – that influence our bodies and give rise to disease []
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inflected forms.

Noun edit

ens

  1. plural of en

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ens (proclitic, enclitic nos, contracted enclitic 'ns)

  1. us (direct or indirect object)
Usage notes edit
  • ens is the reinforced (reforçada) form of the pronoun. It is used before verbs.
    Ens visiten.They visit us.
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Latin ēns (being); compare Spanish ente.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ens m (invariable)

  1. entity, being
  2. organization, entity, institution
    ens públic
    public institution

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ens

  1. (traditional) plural of en (the letter N)

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse eins, from Middle Low German eines.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

ens

  1. identical
  2. alike

Pronoun edit

ens

  1. genitive of en

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Formed as a present participle of sum (to be) in Medieval Latin (and therefore unknown in the Classical period) by using the bare present participial ending -ēns of second and third conjugation verbs, as an analogy to the Ancient Greek present participle ὤν (ṓn) which falsely appears to be the same bare suffix but etymologically corresponds to sōns, both from *h₁es- (to be). See also essentia for a similar formation.

The original present participle sōns had taken on the meaning "guilty" in the Classical period, but the still productive combining form -sēns present in the verbs absum (absēns (absent)) and praesum (praesēns (present)) was ignored in creating this form.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ēns n (genitive entis); third declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) being
    • 13th c., Boetius of Dacia
      Ens autem aeternum nullum sequitur in duratione; ergo mundus non est aeternus.
      Nothing follows the Eternal Being (God) in duration; therefore, the world isn't eternal.
  2. essence
  3. existence

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ēns entia
Genitive entis entium
Dative entī entibus
Accusative ēns entia
Ablative entī entibus
Vocative ēns entia

Descendants edit

  • Albanian: ent
  • Italian: ente
  • Portuguese: ente
  • Spanish: ente

Participle edit

ēns (genitive entis); third-declension one-termination participle

  1. being

Declension edit

Third-declension participle.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative ēns entēs entia
Genitive entis entium
Dative entī entibus
Accusative entem ēns entēs
entīs
entia
Ablative ente
entī1
entibus
Vocative ēns entēs entia

1When used purely as an adjective.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • ens”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ens in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Middle English edit

Adverb edit

ens

  1. Alternative form of enes

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French ens.

Preposition edit

ens

  1. in; inside

Mòcheno edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German uns, from Old High German uns, from Proto-Germanic *uns, from Proto-Indo-European *n̥smé. Cognate with German uns, English us; also Ancient Greek ἡμεῖς (hēmeîs), Sanskrit अस्मान् (asmān), Old Irish ar.

Pronoun edit

ens

  1. accusative of biar: us

References edit

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin intus.

Preposition edit

ens

  1. in; inside

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle French: ens

Swedish edit

Adverb edit

ens

  1. even (negatively comparatively as in not even..., did you even [bother to]...)
    Var du ens född då?
    Were you even born then?

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

ens

  1. indefinite genitive singular of en
  2. alignment (cf. ensa, enslinje)

Derived terms edit

Pronoun edit

ens

  1. genitive of the indefinite pronoun "man"; one's

Declension edit

Anagrams edit

Tarifit edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb edit

ens (Tifinagh spelling ⴻⵏⵙ)

  1. (intransitive, transative) to spend the night, to stay overnight (in a place)
  2. (intransitive, transative) to sleep over

Conjugation edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms edit

  • Causative: sens (to lodge)
  • munsu (to dine)
    • Causative: smunsu (to invite to dinner)
    • amensi (dinner)
  • asensi (first day of a wedding)
  • tamensiwt (sleepover)
  • amnus (worry)