See also: Funk

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English funke, fonke(spark), from Old English *funca, *fanca(spark), from Proto-Germanic *funkô, *fankô(spark), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peng-, *(s)pheng-(to shine). Cognate with Middle Low German funke, fanke(spark), Middle Dutch vonke(spark), Old High German funcho, funko(spark), German Funke(spark). More at spunk.

NounEdit

funk ‎(plural funks)

  1. (obsolete) spark
  2. (obsolete) touchwood, punk, tinder
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

1743, Scottish and Northern English dialectal word, originally a verb meaning "to panic, fail due to panic". Perhaps from or cognate with obsolete Dutch fonck(distress, agitation), from Middle Dutch fonck(perturbation, agitation). More at flunk.

NounEdit

funk ‎(countable and uncountable, plural funks)

  1. (countable) mental depression
  2. (uncountable) A state of fear or panic, especially cowardly
    • Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness
      [The helmsman] steered with no end of a swagger while you were by; but if he lost sight of you, he became instantly the prey of an abject funk []
    • Bob Cooney, Proud Journey
      As I left the platform, the atmosphere was tense but there was no sign of uneasiness or funk []
  3. (countable) One who fears or panics; a coward.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

funk ‎(third-person singular simple present funks, present participle funking, simple past and past participle funked)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To shrink from, or avoid something because of fear.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Kingsley to this entry?)
  2. (transitive) To frighten; to cause to flinch.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

1620, from French dialectal (Norman) funquer, funquier(to smoke, reek), from Old Northern French fungier(to smoke), from Vulgar Latin fūmicāre, alteration of Latin fūmigāre(to smoke, fumigate). Related to French dialect funkière(smoke). More at fumigate.

NounEdit

funk ‎(countable and uncountable, plural funks)

  1. (countable) Foul or unpleasant smell, especially body odour.
  2. (uncountable) A style of music derived from 1960s soul music, with elements of rock and other styles, characterized by a prominent bass guitar, dance-friendly sound and a strong backbeat.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

funk ‎(third-person singular simple present funks, present participle funking, simple past and past participle funked)

  1. (intransitive) To emit an offensive smell; to stink.
  2. (transitive) To envelop with an offensive smell or smoke.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of King to this entry?)

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

funk m (uncountable)

  1. (Brazil, music) funk (a genre of popular music derived from soul music)
  2. (Brazil, music) funk carioca (Brazilian music genre derived from Miami bass)

NounEdit

funk m (plural funks)

  1. (Brazil, music) a particular song or composition of funk carioca

Derived termsEdit


SpanishEdit

NounEdit

funk m ‎(uncountable)

  1. funk