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IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish gaibid (grasp; receive), from Proto-Celtic *gabyeti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeh₁bʰ-.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gabh (present analytic gabhann, future analytic gabhfaidh, verbal noun gabháil, past participle gafa)

  1. (transitive) take
  2. (intransitive) go
  3. (intransitive) come

Usage notesEdit

  • In Connemara, the future, conditional, and second-person singular imperative of this verb supply forms of téigh. In Ulster, the entire imperative supplies alternative forms of both tar (come) and téigh (go).

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gabh ghabh ngabh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "gabh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • gaibid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish gaibid (grasp; receive), from Proto-Celtic *gabyeti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeh₁bʰ-.

VerbEdit

gabh (past ghabh, future gabhaidh, verbal noun gabhail, past participle gabhte)

  1. take, accept, receive, have
    Gabh cupa tì.Have/take a cup of tea.
  2. contain, hold
  3. sing, say, give, deliver, perform
    Gabh òran!Give [us] a song!
  4. get infected
  5. assume, pretend
  6. burn, kindle, ferment
  7. undertake, endeavour, be concerned with
  8. arrange
  9. can
    Cha ghabh sin a dhèanamh.That can't be done.
    cho teth 's a ghabhasas hot as possible
  10. must, be compelled to
  11. enlist, engage as a servant
  12. make secure
  13. entertain, treat
  14. acknowledge
  15. worry
  16. conceive, become pregnant
  17. beat, belabour
  18. betake, repair, proceed, go (motion)
  19. rest

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • gaibid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.