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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Gen, from Ancient Greek γενεά (geneá, generation, descent), from the aorist infinitive of γίγνομαι (gígnomai, I come into being). Coined by the Danish biologist Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen in a German-language publication, from the last syllable of pangene.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gene (plural genes)

  1. (genetics) A theoretical unit of heredity of living organisms ; a gene may take several values and in principle predetermines a precise trait of an organism's form (phenotype), such as hair color.
    Coordinate term: cistron
  2. (molecular biology) A segment of DNA or RNA from a cell's or an organism's genome, that may take several forms and thus parameterizes a phenomenon, in general the structure of a protein; locus.
    A change in a gene is reflected in the protein or RNA molecule that it codes for.

Usage notesEdit

In the simplest case and in principle, a gene locus is supposed to be the physical reality corresponding to the theoretical gene unit of heredity; in practice, things are far more complicated and confused, which is well known and acknowledged. However, these questions are the subject of still very active scientific research, as well as the topic of both scientific and philosophical questions, especially on the real compatibility between both senses of the term.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen (1909) Elemente der exakten Erblichkeitslehre [Elements of exact heredity]‎[1] (in German), Jena: Gustav Fischer, page 124:
    Darum scheint es am einfachsten, aus Darwin's[sic] bekanntem Wort die uns allein interessierende letzte Silbe „Gen“ isoliert zu verwerten, um damit das schlechte, mehrdeutige Wort „Anlage“ zu ersetzen.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French gêne.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gene c (singular definite genen, plural indefinite gener)

  1. Something that bothers; a nuisance.
    Røgen fra skorstenen er til gene for naboerne.
    The smoke from the chimney is bothering the neighbours.

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gene

  1. Inflected form of geen

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛ.ne/, [ˈd͡ʒɛːn̺e]
  • Rhymes: -ɛne
  • Hyphenation: gè‧ne

Etymology 1Edit

From German Gen.

NounEdit

gene m (plural geni)

  1. (genetics) gene
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

gene f pl

  1. plural of gena

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *gēn, from Proto-Germanic *jainaz.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

gêne

  1. that over there, yonder

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: geen

Further readingEdit

  • ghene (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “gene”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

gene m (plural genes)

  1. (genetics) gene

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • gene” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

gene m (plural genes)

  1. gene

SynonymsEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Turkic yana(yana).

AdverbEdit

gene

  1. (colloquial) yine (again)

NounEdit

gene

  1. dative singular of gen