English edit

Etymology edit

From German Gen, from Ancient Greek γενεά (geneá, generation, descent), from the aorist infinitive of γίγνομαι (gígnomai, I come into being). Coined by the Danish biologist Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen in a German-language publication, from the last syllable of pangene.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gene (plural genes)

  1. (genetics) A theoretical unit of heredity of living organisms; a gene may take several values and in principle predetermines a precise trait of an organism's form (phenotype), such as hair color.
    Coordinate term: cistron
  2. (molecular biology) A segment of DNA or RNA from a cell's or an organism's genome, that may take several forms and thus parameterizes a phenomenon, in general the structure of a protein; locus.
    A change in a gene is reflected in the protein or RNA molecule that it codes for.
    • 2019, Bill Bryson, The Body: A Guide for Occupants, Black Swan (2020), page 7:
      A length of DNA is divided into segments called chromosomes and shorter individual units called genes.

Usage notes edit

In the simplest case and in principle, a gene locus is supposed to be the physical reality corresponding to the theoretical gene unit of heredity; in practice, things are far more complicated and confused, which is well known and acknowledged. However, these questions are the subject of still very active scientific research, as well as the topic of both scientific and philosophical questions, especially on the real compatibility between both senses of the term.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen (1909) Elemente der exakten Erblichkeitslehre [Elements of exact heredity]‎[1] (in German), Jena: Gustav Fischer, page 124: “Darum scheint es am einfachsten, aus Darwin's[sic] bekanntem Wort die uns allein interessierende letzte Silbe „Gen“ isoliert zu verwerten, um damit das schlechte, mehrdeutige Wort „Anlage“ zu ersetzen.”

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From French gêne.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sjeːnə/, [ˈɕeːnə]

Noun edit

gene c (singular definite genen, plural indefinite gener)

  1. inconvenience, nuisance (something that bothers)
    Røgen fra skorstenen er til gene for naboerne.
    The smoke from the chimney is bothering the neighbours.

Declension edit

References edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

gene

  1. inflection of geen:
    1. masculine/feminine singular attributive
    2. definite neuter singular attributive
    3. plural attributive

Anagrams edit

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛ.ne/
  • Rhymes: -ɛne
  • Hyphenation: gè‧ne

Etymology 1 edit

From German Gen.

Noun edit

gene m (plural geni)

  1. (genetics) gene
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

gene f pl

  1. plural of gena

Middle Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Old Dutch *gēn, from Proto-Germanic *jainaz.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

gêne

  1. that over there, yonder

Descendants edit

  • Dutch: geen

Further reading edit

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: ge‧ne

Noun edit

gene m (plural genes)

  1. (genetics) gene

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

gene f

  1. inflection of genă:
    1. indefinite plural
    2. indefinite genitive/dative singular

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

gene f

  1. inflection of geană:
    1. indefinite plural
    2. indefinite genitive/dative singular

Spanish edit

Noun edit

gene m (plural genes)

  1. gene
    Synonym: gen

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Turkic *yana (again), from Proto-Turkic *yan- (to return, turn back).

Adverb edit

gene

  1. (colloquial) again
    Synonym: yine

Noun edit

gene

  1. dative singular of gen