See also: Gießen


gießen — pouring (1)
Goldgießen — gold pouring (1,4)

Alternative formsEdit

  • giessen (Switzerland, Liechtenstein)


PIE root

From Middle High German giezen, from Old High German giozan, from Proto-Germanic *geutaną ‎(to pour, to found, to smelt). Akin to Dutch gieten, Old Saxon giotan, Old English ġēotan, Old Norse gjóta (whence Danish gyde, Swedish gjuta), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽 ‎(giutan); ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰewd-.

Further Indo-European cognates include Latin fundō ‎(to pour, to smelt), Ancient Greek χέω ‎(khéō, to pour) and Sanskrit जुहोति ‎(juhóti, he sacrifices). More at geysa, yote and found.

The sense of pouring metals and glasses is attested since medieval times through the participle gigozzan (poured, smelted, made by casting) from giozan.[1]


  • IPA(key): /ˈɡiːsn̩/, /ˈɡiːsən/
  • (file)


gießen ‎(class 2 strong, third-person singular simple present gießt, past tense goss, past participle gegossen, past subjunctive gösse, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to pour (of any liquid)
    Bleigießen — lead-pouring
  2. (transitive, horticulture) to water
    eine Pflanze gießen — to water a plant
    Gießkannewatering can
  3. (impersonal, intransitive, of rain) to pour down; to rain strongly
    Es gießt. — It’s pouring.
    Es gießt wie aus Eimern — It’s raining cats and dogs.
  4. (transitive) to cast; to found; to pour (of metal or glass)
    Stahlgießen — steel pouring
    das Gießen von Eisen — the casting of iron


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  1. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang. 1995, 2005. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen. München: dtv. ISBN 3423325119.

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