Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

hab +‎ -ban

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒbːɒn]
  • Hyphenation: hab‧ban

Noun edit


  1. inessive singular of hab

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (take, seize).

Cognate with Old Frisian hebba, Old Saxon hebbian, Old High German habēn, Old Norse hafa, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (haban), Latin capere, Old Irish cacht, Albanian kap (grip), Russian ха́пать (xápatʹ), Lithuanian kàpteleti.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈxɑb.bɑn/, [ˈhɑb.bɑn]

Verb edit


  1. to have, possess
  2. (auxiliary) have (used with a participle to express the perfect tense)
    • early 12th century, the Peterborough Chronicle
      Þās þing wē habbaþ be him ġewriten.
      We have written these things about him.
    • late 10th century, Ælfric, the Old English Hexateuch, Genesis 42:36
      Þā cwæþ Iācōb heora fæder, "Bearnlēasne ġē habbaþ mē ġedōnne. Næbbe iċ Iōsēp and Simeon is on bendum; nū ġē nimaþ Beniamin æt mē."
      Then Jacob, their father, said, "You have made me childless. I don't have Joseph and Simeon is in chains; now you're taking Benjamin from me."
  3. (catenative) have to (+ to-infinitive)

Usage notes edit

  • As an auxiliary, habban was generally used with transitive verbs, while wesan or bēon were generally used with intransitive verbs.

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit