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IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish íarraid, from íar (after), from Proto-Celtic *eɸiro-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi- (near, at, against); compare Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí, on, over, at).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

iarr (present analytic iarrann, future analytic iarrfaidh, verbal noun ~aidh, past participle iarrtha)

  1. to ask, ask for, request
  2. to try, attempt
    Synonyms: triail, bain triail as

ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iarr n-iarr hiarr not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish iarraim

VerbEdit

iarr (past dh'iarr, future iarraidh, verbal noun iarraidh, past participle iarrte)

  1. want
  2. ask, request, demand
  3. seek, search, look for, probe
    Chan fhaic 's chan iarr iad.They shall neiher see nor enquire.
    Synonyms: lorg, sir
  4. invite
    Iarr e gu pàrtaidh.Invite him to a party.
  5. (dated) pain, purge (as medicine)

Usage notesEdit

  • In the sense of requesting or desiring takes the preposition air:
    Dh'iarr e airgead oirre.He asked her for money.
    An iarr thu air sin a thachairt?Will you desire that to happen?

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
iarr n-iarr h-iarr t-iarr
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language (John Grant, Edinburgh, 1925, Compiled by Malcolm MacLennan)