Open main menu



  A user has added this entry to requests for verification(+)
If it cannot be verified that this term meets our attestation criteria, it will be deleted. Feel free to edit this entry as normal, but do not remove {{rfv}} until the request has been resolved.


Borrowed from Latin ingenium. Doublet of engine.



  1. A person's bent of mind.
    • 2010, Paul Barolsky, Why Mona Lisa Smiles and Other Tales by Vasari, page 56:
      The structure of the cathedral's dome mirrors the structure of its creator's head, housing his "ingenium."



From in- +‎ gignō +‎ -ium.



ingenium n (genitive ingeniī); second declension

  1. innate or natural quality, natural character; nature
  2. disposition, temper, inclination
  3. intelligence, natural capacity
  4. talent, art
  5. a man of genius, a genius
  6. (Medieval Latin) machine, engine


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ingenium ingenia
Genitive ingeniī ingeniōrum
Dative ingeniō ingeniīs
Accusative ingenium ingenia
Ablative ingeniō ingeniīs
Vocative ingenium ingenia



  • ingenium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ingenium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ingenium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • ingenium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio, ingeniosus
    • a man of ability: vir magno ingenio praeditus
    • to be talented, gifted: ingenio valere
    • to be very talented: ingenio abundare
    • natural gifts: natura et ingenium
    • to sharpen the wits: ingenium acuere
    • penetration; sagacity: ingenii acumen
    • dulness of intellect: ingenii tarditas (opp. celeritas)
    • weakmindedness: ingenii infirmitas or imbecillitas
    • imagination: ingenium, cogitatio
    • vivid, lively imagination: ingenii vis or celeritas
    • to cultivate the mind: animum, ingenium excolere (not colere)
    • mental culture: animi, ingenii cultus (not cultura)
    • to be gifted, talented: ingenio valere
    • to possess rich mental endowments: summo ingenio praeditum esse
    • we expect a great deal from a man of your calibre: magna est exspectatio ingenii tui
    • to make a character-sketch of a person: de ingenio moribusque alicuius exponere
    • to indulge one's caprice: sibi or ingenio suo indulgere (Nep. Chabr. 3)
    • character: natura et mores; vita moresque; indoles animi ingeniique; or simply ingenium, indoles, natura, mores