See also: Habitus


Habitus (general appearance) of the beetle Cucujus haematodes.


From Latin habitus (habit), from habeō (have; maintain).


habitus (countable and uncountable, plural habiti) (Almost all uses of the word in English are in noncount senses; thus, the plural habiti, corresponding to the Latin plural, is rare in English.)

  1. (zoology) habitude; mode of life; bearing.
  2. (zoology, chiefly invertebrates) General appearance.
  3. (botany) habit
  4. (anatomy, medicine) the general shape and appearance of the body, usually with reference to weight, adipose distribution, posture, and gait; most often called by the collocation body habitus.
  5. (sociology) The lifestyle, values, dispositions and expectations of particular social groups that are acquired through the activities and experiences of everyday life.
  6. (liturgy) The liturgical clothing of monks, nuns and the clerical community, metaphorically referring to the religious mode of life.

Usage notesEdit

  • The main distinction between usage in botany versus zoology is that a plant's habit is a more or less technical statement of its growth form and structure (e.g. liana vs. tree vs. acaulescent herbaceous), while in zoology, the habitus is often not even qualified or described other than to serve as a more technical statement that the taxon resembles another. This is especially common for Hexapoda and Arachnida.






Borrowed from Latin habitus (habit), a noun based on habeō (have; maintain).


  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ha‧bi‧tus


habitus m (plural habitussen)

  1. manner, behaviour
  2. general physical appearance such as shape of the body
  3. (zoology) general appearance and/or behaviour of a plant


  • Indonesian: habitus



Internationalism (see English habitus), ultimately from Latin habitus.



  1. habitus


Inflection of habitus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative habitus habitukset
genitive habituksen habitusten
partitive habitusta habituksia
illative habitukseen habituksiin
singular plural
nominative habitus habitukset
accusative nom. habitus habitukset
gen. habituksen
genitive habituksen habitusten
partitive habitusta habituksia
inessive habituksessa habituksissa
elative habituksesta habituksista
illative habitukseen habituksiin
adessive habituksella habituksilla
ablative habitukselta habituksilta
allative habitukselle habituksille
essive habituksena habituksina
translative habitukseksi habituksiksi
instructive habituksin
abessive habituksetta habituksitta
comitative habituksineen
Possessive forms of habitus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person habitukseni habituksemme
2nd person habituksesi habituksenne
3rd person habituksensa



Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Internationalism, borrowed from Dutch habitus, from Latin habitus.



habitus (plural habitus-habitus, first-person possessive habitusku, second-person possessive habitusmu, third-person possessive habitusnya)

  1. habitus:
    1. (zoology) general appearance
    2. (medicine) the general shape and appearance of the body, usually with reference to weight, adipose distribution, posture, and gait.
      Synonyms: bentuk badan, perawakan
    3. (sociology) the lifestyle, values, dispositions and expectations of particular social groups that are acquired through the activities and experiences of everyday life.
  2. habit:
    1. (psychology) an action performed repeatedly and automatically, usually without awareness.
    2. (botany) the characteristic form in which a given species of plant grows.

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Etymology 1Edit

Perfect passive participle of habeō (have).



habitus (feminine habita, neuter habitum); first/second-declension participle

  1. retained, maintained, having been maintained
  2. (by extension) well-kept; stout, fleshy, burly

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative habitus habita habitum habitī habitae habita
Genitive habitī habitae habitī habitōrum habitārum habitōrum
Dative habitō habitō habitīs
Accusative habitum habitam habitum habitōs habitās habita
Ablative habitō habitā habitō habitīs
Vocative habite habita habitum habitī habitae habita


Etymology 2Edit

From habeō (I have) +‎ -tus (noun formation suffix).


habitus m (genitive habitūs); fourth declension

  1. external aspect, appearance, posture, frame
    Synonyms: speciēs, faciēs, fōrma, frōns
  2. habit; disposition; character
    Synonyms: indolēs, natura, ingenium, mēns, character
  3. physical or emotional condition
  4. dress, attire

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative habitus habitūs
Genitive habitūs habituum
Dative habituī habitibus
Accusative habitum habitūs
Ablative habitū habitibus
Vocative habitus habitūs

All borrowings, without exception.


  • habitus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • habitus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • habitus in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • habitus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • humour; disposition: animi affectio or habitus (De Inv. 2. 5)