See also: men's

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

mens

  1. Obsolete form of men's.
  2. Misspelling of men's.

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

mens

  1. (nonstandard, African-American Vernacular) Alternative form of men (plural of man)

See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

mens

  1. (Philippines, biology, colloquial) Clipping of menstruation.

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch mens, from Middle Dutch mensche, from Old Dutch mennisko, from Proto-Germanic *manniskaz.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /mɛns/
  • (file)

Noun edit

mens (plural mense, diminutive mensie)

  1. person, human being

Pronoun edit

mens

  1. one (indefinite pronoun)
    Synonym: 'n mens

Danish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse meðan.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

mens

  1. while, when (during the same time that)
  2. while (although)
  3. whereas

Related terms edit

References edit

Dutch edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch mensche, from Old Dutch mennisko, a substantivised form of the adjective *mennisk (human, humanlike), from Proto-West Germanic *mannisk, from Proto-Germanic *manniskaz.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mens m (plural mensen, diminutive mensje n)

  1. human, any member of the species Homo sapiens
    De mens is van nature een politiek dier.
    Man is by nature a political animal.
    Ik ben ook maar een mens!
    I'm only human!
  2. person

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: mens
  • Negerhollands: mensch, mens
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: mens

Noun edit

mens n (plural mensen, diminutive mensje n)

  1. (informal, derogatory) woman
    Dat mens werkt me echt op de zenuwen.
    That woman really annoys me.

Synonyms edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

mens

  1. inflection of mentir:
    1. first/second-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Ladin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin mensis.

Noun edit

mens m (plural mensc)

  1. month

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *mentis, from Proto-Indo-European *méntis (thought). Cognate with Sanskrit मति (matí), αὐτόματος (autómatos), μάντις (mántis), Russian мнить (mnitʹ, to think), Old English ġemynd (whence English mind).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mēns f (genitive mentis); third declension

  1. mind
  2. intellect, reason
  3. reasoning, judgement
  4. heart, conscience (seat of the thoughts and will)
  5. disposition
    Synonyms: indolēs, ingenium, habitus, nātūra, character
    • c. 69 CE – 122 CE, Suetonius, De vita Caesarum Caligulae:
      hominum erga se mentes
      the dispositions of men toward him
  6. thought, plan, purpose, intention
    Synonyms: voluntās, intentiō, propositum, cōnsilium, fīnis, animus

Usage notes edit

In Classical Latin, the ablative singular mente was used with a feminine adjective to form a manner adjunct that expressed a person's intent, state of mind:

  • 1st century BC, Catullus, poem 8, line 11:
    sed obstinātā mente perfer, obdūrā
    but with a resolute mind endure, be firm.
  • 29-19 BC, Virgil, Aenid, book 4, line 105:
    sēnsit enim simulātā mente locūtam
    for she realized that (she) had spoken with false purpose.

In Late Latin, this construction began to be grammaticalised as a phrasal adverb and extended to other adjectives and uses as well; this process was finalised in Romance, resulting in a generic adverbial suffix (though still unstressed and separable in Spanish when more than one adverb is coordinated).

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mēns mentēs
Genitive mentis mentium
Dative mentī mentibus
Accusative mentem mentēs
mentīs
Ablative mente mentibus
Vocative mēns mentēs

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

From the noun itself:

From the ablative mente, used as an adverbial suffix:

References edit

  • mens”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mens”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to attract universal attention: omnium animos or mentes in se convertere
    • to free one's mind from the influences of the senses: sevocare mentem a sensibus (De Nat. D. 3. 8. 21)
    • to be out of one's mind: mente captum esse, mente alienata esse
    • to possess great ability: intellegentia or mente multum valere
    • to grasp a thing mentally: animo, mente, cogitatione aliquid comprehendere, complecti
    • something comes into my mind: mihi in mentem venit alicuius rei
    • to fix all one's thoughts on an object: mentem in aliqua re defigere
    • to think over, consider a thing: agitare (in) mente or (in) animo aliquid
    • with the intention of..: eo consilio, ea mente, ut
    • nothing will ever make me forgetful of him: semper memoria eius in (omnium) mentibus haerebit
    • a man's soul breathes through his writings: alicuius mens in scriptis spirat
    • to upset a person: alicuius mentem turbare, conturbare, perturbare
    • to compose oneself with difficulty: mente vix constare (Tusc. 4. 17. 39)
    • to be calm, self-possessed: mente consistere
    • a good conscience: mens bene sibi conscia
    • to be tormented by remorse: (mens scelerum furiis agitatur)
    • superstition has taken possession of their souls: superstitio mentes occupavit (Verr. 4. 51. 113)
    • (ambiguous) to see with the mind's eye: oculis mentis videre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to be of sane mind: mentis compotem esse
    • (ambiguous) to be of sound mind: sanae mentis esse
    • (ambiguous) to obscure the mental vision: mentis quasi luminibus officere (vid. sect. XIII. 6) or animo caliginem offundere
    • (ambiguous) innate ideas: notiones animo (menti) insitae, innatae
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de statu suo or mentis deici (Att. 16. 15)
    • (ambiguous) to lose one's head, be beside oneself: sui (mentis) compotem non esse
    • (ambiguous) enthusiasm: ardor, inflammatio animi, incitatio mentis, mentis vis incitatior
  • mens”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mens in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • mens”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology 1 edit

From Danish mens, from older medens, from Old Norse meðan.

Conjunction edit

mens

  1. while
  2. whereas

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

mens m (definite singular mensen, indefinite plural mens or menser, definite plural mensene)

  1. short for menstruasjon (menstruation), a monthly period.

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Noun edit

mens m (definite singular mensen, indefinite plural mensar, definite plural mensane)

  1. short for menstruasjon (menstruation), a monthly period.

References edit

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin minus.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

mens

  1. less
    Antonyms: mai, pus

Derived terms edit

Old Norse edit

Noun edit

mens

  1. indefinite genitive singular of men

Swedish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Syncopic form of medans, in turn a colloquial form of medan (while).

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

mens

  1. (colloquial) while
    Synonyms: medan, (colloquial) medans
    Jag dukar fram frukost mens du duschar.
    I’ll arrange breakfast while you take a shower.

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of menstruation.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mens c

  1. menstruation, period
    Jag har mens
    I'm on my period
Declension edit
Declension of mens 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative mens mensen
Genitive mens mensens
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mens

  1. indefinite genitive singular of men
  2. indefinite genitive plural of men

References edit

Volapük edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mens

  1. people