HungarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *le- (to be, exist, live; will be, compare Proto-Finnic *leedäk)[1] + -sz ([now obsolete] frequentative suffix; see its entry for more).[2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛsː], [ˈlɛs] (long before a vowel or at the end of a sentence; short before a consonant)[3]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛsː, -ɛs

VerbEdit

lesz

  1. future of van (to be): will be
  2. (intransitive, copulative) to become, get, turn into (out of someone or something: -ból/-ből; into something, achieving a state: nominative or [less commonly] -vá/-vé)
    Synonyms: válik, változik, átváltozik, alakul, átalakul, fordul
    Az ebihalból béka lesz.The tadpole turns into a frog. (literally, “Out of a tadpole a frog becomes.”)
  3. (intransitive, copulative) to become, come about, happen, come into being (with -val/-vel)
    Synonym: történik
    Mi lett vele, miután elküldték?What became of him after he was dismissed?
  4. must be, have to be (expressing probability or logical necessity)
    Ez a postás lesz.It must be the postman.
    Synonyms: biztos, biztosan

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

With verbal prefixes
Expressions

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #470 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  2. ^ lesz in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  3. ^ Section 69 of AkH.11, Section 68 in A magyar helyesírás szabályai, 12. kiadás (’The Rules of Hungarian Orthography, 12th edition’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2015. →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • lesz in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN