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EnglishEdit

 
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A bottle of tomato ketchup.
 
A bottle of mushroom ketchup.

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

1711, following earlier catchup (1690), of disputed origin.[1] Originally referred to a sauce from South/Southeast/East Asia – 1690: East Indies (region generally); 1711: Tonkin (northern Vietnam) and China.

Most likely from Malay kicap, from Min Nan Chinese 鮭汁 (kê-chiap, brine of fish (namely salmon)), though precise path is unclear – there are related words in various Chinese dialects, and it may have entered English directly from Chinese. Cognate to Indonesian kecap, ketjap (soy sauce). Various other theories exist – see Ketchup: Terminology for extended discussion.

Catsup (earlier catchup) is an alternative Anglicization, still in use in the U.S.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɛtʃ.əp/, /ˈkɛtʃ.ʌp/
  • (file)
  • (file)

NounEdit

ketchup (countable and uncountable, plural ketchups)

  1. (uncountable) A tomato-vinegar-based sauce.
    1. (US standards of identity) A food comprising tomato concentrate and any of vinegar, sweetener, spices, flavoring, onion, and garlic.
  2. (countable) Such a sauce more generally (not necessarily based on tomatoes).
    fish ketchup; fruit ketchup; mushroom ketchup

Usage notesEdit

The term is now used almost exclusively to refer to tomato ketchup. However, at one time it was a more general term for sauce, and it is still occasionally used in this way, as with grape ketchup and mushroom ketchup.

The spelling ketchup became significantly preferred in the United States due to the popularity of the Heinz brand, which shortly after its introduction in 1876 switched from catsup to this spelling to distinguish itself from competitors. Other major brands, such as Hunt, subsequently followed, with Del Monte only switching to ketchup in 1988.[2]

This condiment is more commonly and somewhat ambiguously called tomato sauce outside of the Americas. In South Africa, the word ketchup is not generally understood.

DescendantsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

ketchup (third-person singular simple present ketchups, present participle ketchupping, simple past and past participle ketchupped)

  1. (transitive) To cover with ketchup.
    • 1867, John Maddison Morton, Aunt Charlotte's maid: a farce in one act
      It strikes me she's "ketchupped" the lot! I won't touch a morsel!
    • 1973, Horizon (page 15)
      "Well," said Chuck, ketchupping his hamburger, "I'd rather do without King Lear than put up with the human agony it sprang out of. I'd rather not have the Eroica than have the big bloody conqueror it tries to immortalize."
    • 2009, David Silverman, Twinkle (page 4)
      Their fellow diners, like their ketchupped grub, were appropriately dashed and splattered with paint and plaster, reading their Suns and Daily Mirror.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “The etymological origin of the word ketchup is a matter of confusion.” Pure Ketchup, by Andrew F. Smith, →ISBN. Page 4.
  2. ^ Is There a Difference Between Ketchup and Catsup?”, Slate, Aisha Harris, April 22, 2013
  • ketchup” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2019.

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English ketchup.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ketchup m (plural ketchups, diminutive ketchupje n)

  1. ketchup

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English ketchup.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ketchup m (plural ketchups)

  1. ketchup

Further readingEdit


PolishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English ketchup.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɛ.t͡ʂup/, (rare) /ˈkɛ.t͡ʂap/

NounEdit

ketchup m inan

  1. ketchup

DeclensionEdit


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

ketchup m (plural ketchups)

  1. Alternative spelling of catchup

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:ketchup.


Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

ketchup m (Cyrillic spelling кетцхуп)

  1. Alternative form of kečap

SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English ketchup.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /keˈt͡ʃub/, [keˈt͡ʃuβ]

NounEdit

ketchup m (plural ketchups)

  1. ketchup

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ketchup c

  1. ketchup

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

ketchup c (no plural)

  1. ketchup