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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *kulp, *klup, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷelp-, *kʷl̥p- (to bend (one's) knees, to stumble), from *kʷel- (to turn, to move), whence also celis (knee) and cilpa (loop), q.v.. Cognates include Lithuanian klùpti, klaũptis (to kneel), Old Prussian klupstis (knee), poquelbton ([pakvelptan], having flexed one's knees, having fallen on one's knees), German holpern (to jolt; to go stumbling) (< *holpeln).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

klupt intr., 1st conj., pres. klūpu, klūpi, klūp, past klupu

  1. to stumble, to trip (to move or bend forward quickly and unexpectedly because (one's) foot slipped, got stuck, etc.)
    klupt uz līdzenas vietasto stumble on a level, smooth spot
    viņš klupa, kājai atsitoties pret akmenihe stumbled, hitting (his) foot against the stone, rock
    pāris reižu viņa klūp, nokrīt uz ceļiema few times she stumbles, (she) falls on the road
    klupdams krizdams(while) stumbling and falling (i.e., in a hurry, excitedly, headlong)
    zirgs klupa un izmeta jātnieku no sedliem — the horse stumbled and threw the rider off the saddle
  2. to stumble (to move or bend forward quickly)
    kad Līze pēdīgi atnāca un jau no tālienes redzēja Jāni nekustošu pie zemes guļot, viņa kā ārprātīga klupa Jānim blakus zemē — when Līze finally came and saw from afar Jānis lying motionless on the ground, she stumbled (= ran to) near Jānis like a madwoman
  3. to move, bend forward quickly and grab something
    'Alberts nogrūž puiku no sēdekļa un klūp airosAlberts dumped the boy from the seat and grabbed the (lit. in the) oars
  4. to approach and attack quickly, to pounce, to jump, fall on
    suns klūp kaķiem virsūthe dog fell, pounced on the cats
    izsalkūšas aitas klupa klāt pie silesthe hungry sheep threw themselves, attacked the trough
    saukt lietas īstajā vārdā, tas nozīmē klupt otram bārdāto call the things by (lit. in) their true name(s), that means to fall on someone else's beard (= to attack someone)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “klupt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7