Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *klus-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew-(to sound, to hear) (whence klausīt(to obey), q.v., klausīties(to listen), klust(to be silent), more frequently apklust), with an extra -s. The semantic evolution of klust, and consequently also of kluss, was probably: “to hear” > “to listen” > “to be quiet (in order to listen).” Cognates include Lithuanian klùsas(hard of hearing, deaf), klusùs(hearing), klùsti(to obey, to be obedient), Old Prussian poklusman(hearing, obedient) (neut. pl. nom.).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

kluss (def. klusais, comp. klusāks, sup. visklusākais; irreg. adv. klusi, klusu, klusām)

  1. (of sounds) soft, quiet, silent (barely hearable, weak, not loud)
    klusa dziesma, mūzika‎ ― quiet song, music
    runāt klusā balsī‎ ― to talk in a soft, quiet voice
    klusi soļi‎ ― quiet steps
    kluss sauciens‎ ― silent cry, call
  2. (of placess, moments) quiet, silent (where, when there are no loud sounds; where, when there are no sounds)
    dienā ciems bija pavisam kluss‎ ― during the day the village was completely silent
    klusa iela‎ ― quiet street
    vakars bija ļoti kluss‎ ― the night was very quiet
    pekšņi visapkārt kļuva kluss‎ ― suddenly it became quiet everywhere
  3. (of places) quiet, calm (where there are no crowds, not much traffic)
    kluss pilsētas rajons‎ ― quiet town district
    kluss apvidus‎ ― quiet area, region
  4. (of people) quiet (not talkative)
    Marta ir klusa un nopietna‎ ― Marta is quiet and serious
    Krišs sēdēja kluss‎ ― Krišs sat quietly, in silence
  5. (of thoughts, mental states, feelings) quiet, silent (not openly expressed)
    kluss naids‎ ― quiet, silent hatred
    klusa laime‎ ― quiet happiness
    klusas sāpes‎ ― quiet pain
  6. (of paintings, colors) quiet, calm (without strong contrast, without many nuances, without strong tone differences)
    patīkama akvareļu klusā krāsu saskaņa‎ ― a pleasant, calm watercolor harmony
  7. (of periods of time, actions) quiet, calm (without special significance, without important events)
    lielajam uzbrukumam sekoja klusas dienas — the big attack was followed by calm, quiet days
    un tad bija bēres: klusas un trūcīgas‎ ― and such was the funeral: quiet and poor

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kluss”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7