See also: kolmé and kolmë

EstonianEdit

NumeralEdit

kolme

  1. inflection of kolm:
    1. genitive singular
    2. partitive singular
    3. illative singular
      Synonym: kolmesse

FinnishEdit

Finnish numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 3 4  → 
    Cardinal: kolme
    Colloquial counting form: koo, kol
    Ordinal: kolmas
    Colloquial ordinal: kolkki
    Ordinal abbreviation: 3.
    Adverbial: kolmasti
    Multiplier: kolminkertainen
    Distributive: kolmittain
    Fractional: kolmasosa, kolmannes
Finnish Wikipedia article on 3

Alternative formsEdit

  • kolome (dialectal, pronunciation spelling)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kolme, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kolme. Cognates include Estonian kolm, Khanty хәԓум (xəḷum), Mansi хӯрум (hūrum) and Hungarian három.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkolme/, [ˈko̞lme̞]
  • IPA(key): /ˈkolmeˣ/, [ˈko̞lme̞(ʔ)] (some speakers)
  • Rhymes: -olme
  • Syllabification: kol‧me

NumeralEdit

kolme

  1. three

Usage notesEdit

DeclensionEdit

Inflection for the singular is the same as type nalle (number 8), while for the plural it is ovi (number 7). (Equivalently, it is the same as type ovi (number 7) but with the nominative singular ending in e rather than i). However, in the ordinal form kolmas and the second possible multiplicative singular form kolmasti (*), the e is replaced with an a (see the ordinal form for more information).

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


KarelianEdit

Karelian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : kolme
    Ordinal : kolmas
    Fractional : kolmannes

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kolme, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kolme. Cognates include Finnish kolme and Estonian kolm.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

kolme

  1. three

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 52

LudianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *kolme.

NumeralEdit

kolme

  1. three