See also: maiôr and măior

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin māior, māiōrem.

AdjectiveEdit

maior m or f (plural maiores)

  1. major, greater
  2. (music) major

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *magjōs, from Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂yōs‎, from *meǵh₂- (great) + *-yōs (comparative suffix).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

maior (neuter maius, positive magnus); third declension

  1. greater, larger
  2. older

Usage notesEdit

  • In dictionaries published before the 21st century, the root vowel can often be found marked as long, but it is in those cases indicated to be long by position rather than by nature. This convention is abolished in modern dictionaries, which give, depending on typography, maior or major without a macron. The vowel is thus properly short, as can be indicated by the variant typographic spelling măjjor.

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative maior maius maiōrēs maiōra
Genitive maiōris maiōrum
Dative maiōrī maiōribus
Accusative maiōrem maius maiōrēs maiōra
Ablative maiōre maiōribus
Vocative maior maius maiōrēs maiōra

Derived termsEdit

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

maior m (genitive maiōris); third declension

  1. (in the plural) ancestors
    • Cicero, Pro Archia Poeta Oratio, line 284:
    Ergo illum, qui haec fecerat, Rudinum hominem, maiores nostri in civitatem receperunt.
    Therefore Ennius, who composed these poems, although a man from Rudiae, our ancestors granted him citizenship.
  2. (Medieval Latin) a mayor: a leader of a city or town

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative maior maiōrēs
Genitive maiōris maiōrum
Dative maiōrī maiōribus
Accusative maiōrem maiōrēs
Ablative maiōre maiōribus
Vocative maior maiōrēs

ReferencesEdit

  • maior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • maior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • maior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the elde: maior (natu)
    • the majority: maior pars
    • (ambiguous) to exaggerate a thing: in maius ferre, in maius extollere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to overestimate a thing: in maius accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to deteriorate: a maiorum virtute desciscere, degenerare, deflectere
    • (ambiguous) according to the custom and tradition of my fathers: more institutoque maiorum (Mur. 1. 1)
    • (ambiguous) what is more important: quod maius est
  • maior in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • maior in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin māior.

AdjectiveEdit

maior (oblique singular, nominative singular maire)

  1. bigger; larger
  2. very large

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese maior, mayor, from Latin māior, māiōrem, from Proto-Indo-European *mag- (great) + *-yos (comparative suffix).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

maior (plural maiores, comparable)

  1. (followed by que) comparative degree of grande; bigger, larger
    Melancias são maiores que laranjas.
    Watermelons are bigger than oranges.
    Antonym: menor
  2. (preceded by a definite article) superlative degree of grande; biggest, largest
    Júpiter é o maior planeta do Sistema Solar.
    Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System.
    Antonym: menor
  3. major, greater
    um desafio maior
    a major challenge
    Antonym: menor
  4. (music) major
    Antonym: menor
  5. (Brazil, informal) big, great
    Ele é maior idiota...
    He is a big idiot
    Synonym:

Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

maior (comparative mais maior superlative o mais maior)

  1. (Brazil, informal) very, quite
    Synonyms: bem, bastante,
    Essa comida comida tem um gosto maior ruim.
    That food tastes very bad.

Further readingEdit

  • maior” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.