LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ob- +‎ iaciō (I throw, hurl).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

obiciō (present infinitive obicere, perfect active obiēcī, supine obiectum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I throw or put to, towards, in front of or before, present; expose
  2. I hold out, offer, turn over, give over
  3. I cast in the way, interpose; set against, oppose
  4. (figuratively) I throw out against someone, taunt, reproach or upbraid with
  5. (figuratively) I bring upon, inspire, inflict, visit, produce, cause

Usage notesEdit

In prosody, the first syllable, which is generally heavy due to the unwritten /j/, is scanned light in works by some later writers.

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of obiciō (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obiciō obicis obicit obicimus obicitis obiciunt
imperfect obiciēbam obiciēbās obiciēbat obiciēbāmus obiciēbātis obiciēbant
future obiciam obiciēs obiciet obiciēmus obiciētis obicient
perfect obiēcī obiēcistī obiēcit obiēcimus obiēcistis obiēcērunt, obiēcēre
pluperfect obiēceram obiēcerās obiēcerat obiēcerāmus obiēcerātis obiēcerant
future perfect obiēcerō obiēceris obiēcerit obiēcerimus obiēceritis obiēcerint
passive present obicior obiceris, obicere obicitur obicimur obiciminī obiciuntur
imperfect obiciēbar obiciēbāris, obiciēbāre obiciēbātur obiciēbāmur obiciēbāminī obiciēbantur
future obiciar obiciēris, obiciēre obiciētur obiciēmur obiciēminī obicientur
perfect obiectus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect obiectus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect obiectus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obiciam obiciās obiciat obiciāmus obiciātis obiciant
imperfect obicerem obicerēs obiceret obicerēmus obicerētis obicerent
perfect obiēcerim obiēcerīs obiēcerit obiēcerīmus obiēcerītis obiēcerint
pluperfect obiēcissem obiēcissēs obiēcisset obiēcissēmus obiēcissētis obiēcissent
passive present obiciar obiciāris, obiciāre obiciātur obiciāmur obiciāminī obiciantur
imperfect obicerer obicerēris, obicerēre obicerētur obicerēmur obicerēminī obicerentur
perfect obiectus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect obiectus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obice obicite
future obicitō obicitō obicitōte obiciuntō
passive present obicere obiciminī
future obicitor obicitor obiciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives obicere obiēcisse obiectūrum esse obicī obiectum esse obiectum īrī
participles obiciēns obiectūrus obiectus obiciendus, obiciundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
obiciendī obiciendō obiciendum obiciendō obiectum obiectū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: object, objection
  • Spanish: objeto

ReferencesEdit

  • obicio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • obicio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • obicio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to expose oneself to missiles: se obicere telis