Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From iaciō (throw).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

iactō (present infinitive iactāre, perfect active iactāvī, supine iactātum); first conjugation

  1. I throw, cast, hurl.
  2. I scatter, toss.
  3. (figuratively) I disturb, disquiet.
  4. I utter, speak, throw out.
  5. I hurl insults.
  6. I boast, act conceitedly.
  7. I am officious.

InflectionEdit

   Conjugation of iacto (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iactō iactās iactat iactāmus iactātis iactant
imperfect iactābam iactābās iactābat iactābāmus iactābātis iactābant
future iactābō iactābis iactābit iactābimus iactābitis iactābunt
perfect iactāvī iactāvistī iactāvit iactāvimus iactāvistis iactāvērunt, iactāvēre
pluperfect iactāveram iactāverās iactāverat iactāverāmus iactāverātis iactāverant
future perfect iactāverō iactāveris iactāverit iactāverimus iactāveritis iactāverint
passive present iactor iactāris, iactāre iactātur iactāmur iactāminī iactantur
imperfect iactābar iactābāris, iactābāre iactābātur iactābāmur iactābāminī iactābantur
future iactābor iactāberis, iactābere iactābitur iactābimur iactābiminī iactābuntur
perfect iactātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect iactātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect iactātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iactem iactēs iactet iactēmus iactētis iactent
imperfect iactārem iactārēs iactāret iactārēmus iactārētis iactārent
perfect iactāverim iactāverīs iactāverit iactāverīmus iactāverītis iactāverint
pluperfect iactāvissem iactāvissēs iactāvisset iactāvissēmus iactāvissētis iactāvissent
passive present iacter iactēris, iactēre iactētur iactēmur iactēminī iactentur
imperfect iactārer iactārēris, iactārēre iactārētur iactārēmur iactārēminī iactārentur
perfect iactātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect iactātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iactā iactāte
future iactātō iactātō iactātōte iactantō
passive present iactāre iactāminī
future iactātor iactātor iactantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives iactāre iactāvisse iactātūrus esse iactārī, iactārier1 iactātus esse iactātum īrī
participles iactāns iactātūrus iactātus iactandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
iactāre iactandī iactandō iactandum iactātum iactātū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ParticipleEdit

iactō

  1. dative masculine singular of iactus
  2. dative neuter singular of iactus
  3. ablative masculine singular of iactus
  4. ablative neuter singular of iactus

ReferencesEdit

  • iacto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • iacto” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • tossed hither and thither by the waves: fluctibus iactari
    • to have a severe attack of fever: aestu et febri iactari
    • to experience the ups and downs of life: multis casibus iactari
    • to use threats: minas iacere, iactare
    • the bank-rate varies: nummus iactatur (Off. 3. 20. 80)
  • iacto in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016