Translingual

edit

Symbol

edit

bal

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Baluchi.

Afrikaans

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Dutch bal, from Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Noun

edit

bal (plural balle, diminutive balletjie)

  1. A ball (spherical object, used as a toy).
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Dutch bal, from French bal.

Noun

edit

bal (plural balle or bals)

  1. A ball (formal dance event).

Albanian

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Albanian *bala, cognate to Lithuanian bãlas (white), Latvian bàls (pale) and Greek (Hes.) φαλός λευκός (falós lefkós), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-.[1]

Noun

edit

bal m (plural bala, definite bali, definite plural balat)

  1. dog or goat (with a white spot on the forehead)

Derived terms

edit
edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “bal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 15

Azerbaijani

edit
Other scripts
Cyrillic бал
Abjad بال

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [bɑɫ]
  • Audio (Baku):(file)

Etymology 1

edit

Inherited from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Noun

edit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. honey

Etymology 2

edit

Borrowed from Russian балл (ball), from French balle (voting ball).

Noun

edit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. point
  2. mark, grade, score

Etymology 3

edit

Borrowed from Russian бал (bal), from French bal, from Late Latin ballō.

Noun

edit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. ball, dance

Declension

edit
    Declension of bal
singular plural
nominative bal
ballar
definite accusative balı
balları
dative bala
ballara
locative balda
ballarda
ablative baldan
ballardan
definite genitive balın
balların
    Possessive forms of bal
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) balım ballarım
sənin (your) balın balların
onun (his/her/its) balı balları
bizim (our) balımız ballarımız
sizin (your) balınız ballarınız
onların (their) balı or balları balları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımı ballarımı
sənin (your) balını ballarını
onun (his/her/its) balını ballarını
bizim (our) balımızı ballarımızı
sizin (your) balınızı ballarınızı
onların (their) balını or ballarını ballarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) balıma ballarıma
sənin (your) balına ballarına
onun (his/her/its) balına ballarına
bizim (our) balımıza ballarımıza
sizin (your) balınıza ballarınıza
onların (their) balına or ballarına ballarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımda ballarımda
sənin (your) balında ballarında
onun (his/her/its) balında ballarında
bizim (our) balımızda ballarımızda
sizin (your) balınızda ballarınızda
onların (their) balında or ballarında ballarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımdan ballarımdan
sənin (your) balından ballarından
onun (his/her/its) balından ballarından
bizim (our) balımızdan ballarımızdan
sizin (your) balınızdan ballarınızdan
onların (their) balından or ballarından ballarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) balımın ballarımın
sənin (your) balının ballarının
onun (his/her/its) balının ballarının
bizim (our) balımızın ballarımızın
sizin (your) balınızın ballarınızın
onların (their) balının or ballarının ballarının

Crimean Tatar

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Noun

edit

bal (accusative [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. honey, mead
  2. ball, dance party

Declension

edit

References

edit
  • Mirjejev, V. A., Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

bal

  1. second-person singular imperative of balit

Dutch

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz. Doublet of baal.

Noun

edit

bal m (plural ballen, diminutive balletje n)

  1. a ball or any object with such a shape
    De kinderen speelden met een rode bal in het park.
    The children played with a red ball in the park.
    De hond rende achter de bal aan en bracht hem terug naar zijn baasje.
    The dog chased after the ball and brought it back to its owner.
    De chef-kok gebruikte een speciale bal om gehaktballetjes te maken.
    The chef used a special ball to make meatballs.
  2. (informal) testicle, nut
    Hij kreeg een flinke trap tegen zijn ballen.
    He got a hard kick to his testicles.
    De jongens lachten om de grap over ballen.
    The boys laughed at the joke about nuts.
    Bij het ongeluk kreeg hij een harde klap op zijn ballen.
    He got a hard hit on his groin at the accident.
  3. (sports) pass, shot
    De voetballer gaf een perfecte bal naar zijn teamgenoot.
    The soccer player made a perfect pass to his teammate.
    Ze gaf een hoge bal naar voren om de aanval te beginnen.
    She sent a high pass forward to start the attack.
  4. (informal, derogatory) toff, posh person
Derived terms
edit
Descendants
edit
  • Afrikaans: bal
  • Caribbean Hindustani: bál
  • Caribbean Javanese: bal
  • Indonesian: bal
  • Papiamentu: bala, balchi
  • Saramaccan: balí
  • Sranan Tongo: bal
  • Sundanese: bal

Etymology 2

edit

From French bal, from Late Latin ballare.

Noun

edit

bal n (plural bals, diminutive balletje n)

  1. ball, dance party
    Er was een groot feest in de stad en iedereen was uitgenodigd voor het bal.
    There was a big party in the city, and everyone was invited to the ball.
    Het eindejaarsbal op school was een groot succes.
    The end-of-year dance party at school was a great success.
    Ze dansten de hele nacht door op het zomerse bal in het park.
    They danced all night at the summer ball in the park.
Derived terms
edit
Descendants
edit
  • Afrikaans: bal
  • Negerhollands: bal
    • Virgin Islands Creole: bal
  • ? Sranan Tongo: bal

Etymology 3

edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form. akin to sense spheric ball

Verb

edit

bal

  1. inflection of ballen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

French

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Old French bal, deverbal of baller, from Late Latin ballare (to dance).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bal m (plural bals)

  1. dance party, ball

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit

Further reading

edit

Haitian Creole

edit

Etymology

edit

French bal (dance).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bal

  1. dance party, ball

Hausa

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from English ball.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bâl f (plural bàlā̀bàlai)

  1. ball

Hungarian

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Adjective

edit

bal (not generally comparable, comparative balabb, superlative legbalabb)

  1. left
    Antonym: jobb
    bal kézleft hand
    a bal oldalonon the left side
  2. (figuratively) bad, unlucky
  3. (rare) left, left-wing (pertaining to the political left)
    Synonym: baloldali
    Antonym: jobb

Declension

edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bal
accusative balt
dative balnak
instrumental ballal
causal-final balért
translative ballá
terminative balig
essive-formal balként
essive-modal
inessive balban
superessive balon
adessive balnál
illative balba
sublative balra
allative balhoz
elative balból
delative balról
ablative baltól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
balé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
baléi

Derived terms

edit
Compound words
Expressions

See also

edit

Further reading

edit
  • bal in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bal in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Indonesian

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Dutch bal (ball), from Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈbal]
  • Hyphenation: bal

Noun

edit

bal (first-person possessive balku, second-person possessive balmu, third-person possessive balnya)

  1. (colloquial) ball, a solid or hollow sphere, or roughly spherical mass.
    Synonym: bola

Etymology 2

edit

From Dutch baal, from Middle Dutch bale, from Old French bale.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈbal]
  • Hyphenation: bal

Noun

edit

bal (first-person possessive balku, second-person possessive balmu, third-person possessive balnya)

  1. bale, a rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation.
  2. A closed bag or package of wares.
    Synonyms: bandela, karung

Further reading

edit

Karaim

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Turkic *bạl.

Noun

edit

bal

  1. honey.

References

edit
  • N. A. Baskakov, S.M. Šapšala, editor (1973), “bal”, in Karaimsko-Russko-Polʹskij Slovarʹ [Karaim-Russian-Polish Dictionary], Moscow: Moskva, →ISBN

Limburgish

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

From Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /bɑ(ː)l/, [bɑ(ː)˨l], [bɑ(ː)˦l]
    IPA(key): (Tungers) [bɑ̃l]
  • Hyphenation: bal
  • Rhymes: -ɑl, -ɑːl

Noun

edit

bal m (plural balle or bel, diminutive belke or belsje)

  1. (most dialects) ball (round or roundish object, most commonly used in games)
  2. (most dialects, informal) testicle, nut
  3. (most dialects, anatomy) ball (of the hand or foot)
  4. (most dialects, chiefly in the negative) anything
    Heer snap dao geinen bal vaanaof. (Maastrichtian)
    He doesn't understand anything.

Luxembourgish

edit

Etymology

edit

From Middle High German balde, from Old High German baldo, adverb of bald, from Proto-Germanic *balþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-. Cognate with German bald, Dutch boud, English bold.

Pronunciation

edit

Adverb

edit

bal

  1. nearly, almost
  2. soon

Middle Dutch

edit

Etymology

edit

From Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Noun

edit

bal m

  1. ball (round object), sphere
  2. something worthless

Inflection

edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

edit
  • Dutch: bal
    • Afrikaans: bal
    • Caribbean Hindustani: bál
    • Caribbean Javanese: bal
    • Indonesian: bal
    • Papiamentu: bala, balchi
    • Saramaccan: balí
    • Sranan Tongo: bal
    • Sundanese: bal
  • Limburgish: bal
  • West Flemish: bol

Further reading

edit

Middle English

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Old English *beall, from Proto-West Germanic *ballu, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bal (plural balles)

  1. A ball (an object of spherical shape)
  2. A rounded or spherical lump or bump, especially in medical terminology; a boil.
  3. A ball used in sports or other entertainment.
  4. The eyeball; the eye viewed as a spherical object.
  5. A sport with a ball as a key component of play.
  6. One's head (top part of one's body)
  7. A projectile resembling a ball in form
  8. (rare) A node of muscles supporting the fingers or toes.
  9. (rare) A ball-shaped container or box.
  10. (rare, vulgar) One's testes (compare to the much more frequent Modern English sense)
edit

Descendants

edit

References

edit

North Wahgi

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bal

  1. fish

References

edit

Norwegian Nynorsk

edit

Etymology

edit

From the verb bala.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bal n (definite singular balet, uncountable)

  1. bother, fuss, trouble (annoying, difficult or stressful activity)
    Det blir berre bal om me prøvar å gjera det no.
    It will only cause bother if we try to do that now.

Further reading

edit

Old Polish

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Middle High German balle. First attested in 1481.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /baːlʲ/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /bɒlʲ/

Noun

edit

bal m animacy unattested

  1. bale (rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation)
    • 1890 [1481], Adam Chmiel, editor, Zbiór dokumentów znajdujących się w Bibliotece hr. Przezdzieckich w Warszawie[2], page 41:
      Telam aut his similia ulna extra cameras mercimoniorum vendere audeant, preter... barchanum..., et telam stamine al. palem dumtaxat quilibet extra cameras predictas vendat
      [Telam aut his similia ulna extra cameras mercimoniorum vendere audeant, preter... barchanum..., et telam stamine al. balem dumtaxat quilibet extra cameras predictas vendat]

Descendants

edit

References

edit

Polish

edit
 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from French bal,[1] from Late Latin ballare (to dance).

Noun

edit

bal m inan (diminutive balik)

  1. ball (formal dance)
    Hypernyms: see Thesaurus:impreza
Declension
edit
Derived terms
edit
adjective
adverb
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2

edit

Borrowed from German Balken or Baal.[1]

Noun

edit

bal m inan

  1. log (large cut piece of wood)
    Synonyms: dyl, kloc
Declension
edit

Etymology 3

edit

Inherited from Old Polish bal.

Noun

edit

bal m inan

  1. bale (rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation, ten reams)
    Synonyms: balot, bela
Declension
edit

References

edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “bal”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)

Further reading

edit
  • bal in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bal in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romagnol

edit

Etymology

edit

From Late Latin ballāre (dance).

Pronunciation

edit
  • (Central Romagnol): IPA(key): [ˈbaɐ̯l]

Noun

edit

bal m (plural bël)

  1. dance

Romani

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀯𑀸𑀮 (vāla), from Sanskrit वाल (vāla). Cognate with Hindi बाल (bāl), Punjabi ਵਾਲ (vāl, hair).

Noun

edit

bal m (nominative plural bala)

  1. a single hair
  2. (in the plural) hair
    • 2002 July, Milena Hübschmannová, “Origin of Roma”, in ROMBASE Cultural Database[3], archived from the original on 2014-10-27:
      mire bala kale hin
      My hair is black

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Kalo Finnish Romani: baalo

References

edit
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “vāˊla”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 675
  • Boretzky, Norbert, Igla, Birgit (1994) “bal”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 18
  • Yaron Matras (2002) “Historical and linguistic origins”, in Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[4], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 40
  • Marcel Courthiade (2009) “o bal, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (overall work in Hungarian and English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, pages 71-72

Romanian

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French bal.

Noun

edit

bal n (plural baluri)

  1. ball (party)

Declension

edit

Romansch

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French bal, from Late Latin ballare.

Noun

edit

bal m (plural bals)

  1. ball (formal dance)

Salar

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Turkic *bạl. Compare to Kazakh бал (bal), etc.

Pronunciation

edit
  • (Jiezi, Gaizi, Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [pɑl], [pɑɫ]

Noun

edit

bal (3rd person possessive [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. honey

Derived terms

edit

References

edit
  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976) “pal”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, page 435
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985) “bal”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar]‎[5], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 7
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2014) “bal”, in 撒拉语366条会话读本 [Salar 366 Conversation Reader]‎[6], 1st edition, 社会科学文献出版社 (Social Science Literature Press), →ISBN, page 17
  • Ma, Chengjun, Han, Lianye, Ma, Weisheng (December 2010) “bal”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 32
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002) “bal”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon[7], Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 54

San Juan Guelavía Zapotec

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Zapotec *kwella(k).

Noun

edit

bal

  1. fire

References

edit
  • López Antonio, Joaquín, Jones, Ted, Jones, Kris (2012) Vocabulario breve del Zapoteco de San Juan Guelavía[8] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Tlalpan, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., pages 13, 25

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Noun

edit

bal m (Cyrillic spelling бал)

  1. ball (dance)

Southern Kam

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bal

  1. fish

Sumerian

edit

Romanization

edit

bal

  1. Romanization of 𒁄 (bal)

Sundanese

edit

Etymology

edit

From Dutch bal, from Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

Noun

edit

bal

  1. a ball or any object with such a shape
  2. football; the ball used in a "football" game
    Ujang nepi ka ayeuna kénéh teu tiasa maén bal.
    Ujang still can't play football to this day.

See also

edit

Swedish

edit

Noun

edit

bal c

  1. bale, bundle (big packet of things)
  2. Formal gathering for dance, ball

Declension

edit
Declension of bal 1
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bal balen balar balarna
Genitive bals balens balars balarnas
Declension of bal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bal balen baler balerna
Genitive bals balens balers balernas
edit
bale
ball

References

edit

Anagrams

edit

Tatar

edit

Noun

edit

bal

  1. honey

Tübatulabal

edit

Noun

edit

bal

  1. Alternative spelling of pa·l

References

edit
  • Kroeber, Shoshonean Dialects of California, in University of California Publications: American archaeology and ethnology, volume 4, page 81

Turkish

edit

Etymology

edit

From Ottoman Turkish بال, from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. honey

Declension

edit
Inflection
Nominative bal
Definite accusative balı
Singular Plural
Nominative bal ballar
Definite accusative balı balları
Dative bala ballara
Locative balda ballarda
Ablative baldan ballardan
Genitive balın balların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular balım ballarım
2nd singular balın balların
3rd singular balı balları
1st plural balımız ballarımız
2nd plural balınız ballarınız
3rd plural balları balları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımı ballarımı
2nd singular balını ballarını
3rd singular balını ballarını
1st plural balımızı ballarımızı
2nd plural balınızı ballarınızı
3rd plural ballarını ballarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular balıma ballarıma
2nd singular balına ballarına
3rd singular balına ballarına
1st plural balımıza ballarımıza
2nd plural balınıza ballarınıza
3rd plural ballarına ballarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımda ballarımda
2nd singular balında ballarında
3rd singular balında ballarında
1st plural balımızda ballarımızda
2nd plural balınızda ballarınızda
3rd plural ballarında ballarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımdan ballarımdan
2nd singular balından ballarından
3rd singular balından ballarından
1st plural balımızdan ballarımızdan
2nd plural balınızdan ballarınızdan
3rd plural ballarından ballarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular balımın ballarımın
2nd singular balının ballarının
3rd singular balının ballarının
1st plural balımızın ballarımızın
2nd plural balınızın ballarınızın
3rd plural ballarının ballarının

Derived terms

edit

Turkmen

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

Noun

edit

bal (definite accusative baly, plural ballar)

  1. honey

Declension

edit

Further reading

edit
  • bal” in Enedilim.com
  • bal” in Webonary.org

Volapük

edit
Volapük cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bal
    Ordinal : balid
    Adverbial : balna

Numeral

edit

bal

  1. one

Derived terms

edit

Wolof

edit

Noun

edit

bal (definite form bal bi)

  1. ball

References

edit

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN

Zaniza Zapotec

edit

Noun

edit

bal

  1. fish