TranslingualEdit

SymbolEdit

bal

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Baluchi.

AfrikaansEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Dutch bal, from Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

NounEdit

bal (plural balle, diminutive balletjie)

  1. A ball (spherical object, used as a toy).
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch bal, from French bal.

NounEdit

bal (plural balle or bals)

  1. A ball (formal dance event).

AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *bala, cognate to Lithuanian bãlas (white), Latvian bàls (pale) and Greek (Hes.) φαλός λευκός (falós lefkós), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-.[1]

NounEdit

bal m (indefinite plural bala, definite singular bali, definite plural balat)

  1. dog or goat (with a white spot on the forehead)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “bal”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 15

AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic бал
Perso-Arabic بال

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [bɑɫ]
  • (file)

NounEdit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. honey
DeclensionEdit
    Declension of bal
singular plural
nominative bal
ballar
definite accusative balı
balları
dative bala
ballara
locative balda
ballarda
ablative baldan
ballardan
definite genitive balın
balların
    Possessive forms of bal
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) balım ballarım
sənin (your) balın balların
onun (his/her/its) balı balları
bizim (our) balımız ballarımız
sizin (your) balınız ballarınız
onların (their) balı or balları balları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımı ballarımı
sənin (your) balını ballarını
onun (his/her/its) balını ballarını
bizim (our) balımızı ballarımızı
sizin (your) balınızı ballarınızı
onların (their) balını or ballarını ballarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) balıma ballarıma
sənin (your) balına ballarına
onun (his/her/its) balına ballarına
bizim (our) balımıza ballarımıza
sizin (your) balınıza ballarınıza
onların (their) balına or ballarına ballarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımda ballarımda
sənin (your) balında ballarında
onun (his/her/its) balında ballarında
bizim (our) balımızda ballarımızda
sizin (your) balınızda ballarınızda
onların (their) balında or ballarında ballarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) balımdan ballarımdan
sənin (your) balından ballarından
onun (his/her/its) balından ballarından
bizim (our) balımızdan ballarımızdan
sizin (your) balınızdan ballarınızdan
onların (their) balından or ballarından ballarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) balımın ballarımın
sənin (your) balının ballarının
onun (his/her/its) balının ballarının
bizim (our) balımızın ballarımızın
sizin (your) balınızın ballarınızın
onların (their) balının or ballarının ballarının

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Russian балл (ball), from French balle (voting ball).

NounEdit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. point
  2. mark, grade, score

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Russian бал (bal), from French bal, from Late Latin ballō.

NounEdit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. ball, dance

Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

NounEdit

bal

  1. honey, mead
  2. ball, dance party

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[2], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bal

  1. second-person singular imperative of balit

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz. Doublet of baal.

NounEdit

bal m (plural ballen, diminutive balletje n)

  1. a ball or any object with such a shape
  2. (informal) testicle, nut
  3. (sports) pass, shot
    Lekker balletje!Nice pass/shot!
  4. (informal, derogatory) toff, posh person
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: bal
  • Caribbean Hindustani: bál
  • Caribbean Javanese: bal
  • Indonesian: bal
  • Papiamentu: bala, balchi
  • Saramaccan: balí
  • Sranan Tongo: bal

Etymology 2Edit

From French bal, from Late Latin ballare.

NounEdit

bal n (plural bals, diminutive balletje n)

  1. ball, dance party
DescendantsEdit
  • Negerhollands: bal
    • Virgin Islands Creole: bal
  • ? Sranan Tongo: bal

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

bal

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ballen
  2. imperative of ballen

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French bal, deverbal of baller, from Late Latin ballare (to dance).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bal m (plural bals)

  1. dance party, ball

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

French bal (dance).

NounEdit

bal

  1. dance party, ball

HausaEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English ball.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bâl f (plural bàlā̀bàlai)

  1. ball

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bal (not generally comparable, comparative balabb, superlative legbalabb)

  1. left
    bal kézleft hand
    a bal oldalonon the left side
    Antonym: jobb
  2. (figuratively) bad, unlucky

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bal
accusative balt
dative balnak
instrumental ballal
causal-final balért
translative ballá
terminative balig
essive-formal balként
essive-modal
inessive balban
superessive balon
adessive balnál
illative balba
sublative balra
allative balhoz
elative balból
delative balról
ablative baltól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
balé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
baléi

Derived termsEdit

Compound words
Expressions

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bal in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bal in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2023)

IndonesianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Dutch bal (ball), from Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbal]
  • Hyphenation: bal

NounEdit

bal (first-person possessive balku, second-person possessive balmu, third-person possessive balnya)

  1. (colloquial) ball, a solid or hollow sphere, or roughly spherical mass.
    Synonym: bola

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch baal, from Middle Dutch bale, from Old French bale.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbal]
  • Hyphenation: bal

NounEdit

bal (first-person possessive balku, second-person possessive balmu, third-person possessive balnya)

  1. bale, a rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation.
  2. A closed bag or package of wares.
    Synonyms: bandela, karung

Further readingEdit


LimburgishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch bal, from Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɑ(ː)l/, [bɑ(ː)˨l], [bɑ(ː)˦l]
    IPA(key): (Tungers) [bɑ̃l]
  • Hyphenation: bal
  • Rhymes: -ɑl, -ɑːl

NounEdit

bal m (plural balle or bel, diminutive belke or belsje)

  1. (most dialects) ball (round or roundish object, most commonly used in games)
  2. (most dialects, informal) testicle, nut
  3. (most dialects, anatomy) ball (of the hand or foot)
  4. (most dialects, chiefly in the negative) anything
    Heer snap dao geinen bal vaanaof. (Maastrichtian)
    He doesn't understand anything.

DeclensionEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German balde, from Old High German baldo, adverb of bald, from Proto-Germanic *balþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-. Cognate with German bald, Dutch boud, English bold.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

bal

  1. nearly, almost
  2. soon

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *bal, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

NounEdit

bal m

  1. ball (round object), sphere
  2. something worthless

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: bal
    • Afrikaans: bal
    • Caribbean Hindustani: bál
    • Caribbean Javanese: bal
    • Indonesian: bal
    • Papiamentu: bala, balchi
    • Saramaccan: balí
    • Sranan Tongo: bal
  • Limburgish: bal
  • West Flemish: bol

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old English *beall, from Proto-West Germanic *ballu, from Proto-Germanic *balluz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bal (plural balles)

  1. A ball (an object of spherical shape)
  2. A rounded or spherical lump or bump, especially in medical terminology; a boil.
  3. A ball used in sports or other entertainment.
  4. The eyeball; the eye viewed as a spherical object.
  5. A sport with a ball as a key component of play.
  6. One's head (top part of one's body)
  7. A projectile resembling a ball in form
  8. (rare) A node of muscles supporting the fingers or toes.
  9. (rare) A ball-shaped container or box.
  10. (rare, vulgar) One's testes (compare to the much more frequent Modern English sense)

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


North WahgiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bal

  1. fish

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the verb bala.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bal n (definite singular balet, uncountable)

  1. bother, fuss, trouble (annoying, difficult or stressful activity)
    Det blir berre bal om me prøvar å gjera det no.
    It will only cause bother if we try to do that now.

Further readingEdit


Old PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle High German balle. First attested in 1481.

NounEdit

bal m

  1. bale (rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit



PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French bal,[1] from Late Latin ballare (to dance).

NounEdit

bal m inan (diminutive balik)

  1. ball (formal dance)
    Hypernyms: see Thesaurus:impreza
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
adjective
adverb
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from German Balken or Baal.[1]

NounEdit

bal m inan

  1. log (large cut piece of wood)
    Synonyms: dyl, kloc
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Inherited from Old Polish bal, from Middle High German balle. First attested in 1481.[2]

NounEdit

bal m inan

  1. bale (rounded bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation, ten reams)
    Synonyms: balot, bela
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Andrzej Bańkowski (2000) Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego[1] (in Polish)
  2. ^ B. Sieradzka-Baziur, editor (2011–2015), “bal”, in Słownik pojęciowy języka staropolskiego [Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish] (in Polish), Kraków: IJP PAN, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • bal in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bal in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomagnolEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin ballāre (dance).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Central Romagnol): IPA(key): [ˈbaɐ̯l]

NounEdit

bal m (plural bël)

  1. dance

RomaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀯𑀸𑀮 (vāla), from Sanskrit वाल (vāla). Cognate with Hindi बाल (bāl), Punjabi ਵਾਲ (vāl, hair).

NounEdit

bal m (nominative plural bala)

  1. a single hair
  2. (in the plural) hair
    2002 July 1, Milena Hübschmannová, “Origin of Roma”, in ROMBASE Cultural Database[3], archived from the original on 2014-10-27:
    mire bala kale hin
    My hair is black

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Kalo Finnish Romani: baalo

ReferencesEdit

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “vāˊla”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 675
  • Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “bal”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 18
  • Yaron Matras (2002), “Historical and linguistic origins”, in Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[4], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 40
  • Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o bal, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, pages 71-72

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French bal.

NounEdit

bal n (plural baluri)

  1. ball (party)

DeclensionEdit


RomanschEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French bal, from Late Latin ballare.

NounEdit

bal m (plural bals)

  1. ball (formal dance)

SalarEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bạl. Compare to Kazakh бал (bal), etc.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Jiezi, Gaizi, Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [pɑl], [pɑɫ]

NounEdit

bal (3rd person possessive {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. honey

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “pal”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow: Nauka, page 435
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985), “bal”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, OCLC 17467570, page 7
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2014), “bal”, in 撒拉语366条会话读本 [Salar 366 Conversation Reader], 1st edition, 社会科学文献出版社 (Social Science Literature Press), →ISBN, page 17
  • Ma, Chengjun; Han, Lianye; Ma, Weisheng (December 2010), “bal”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 32
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002), “bal”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon, Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 54

San Juan Guelavía ZapotecEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Zapotec *kwella(k).

NounEdit

bal

  1. fire

ReferencesEdit

  • López Antonio, Joaquín; Jones, Ted; Jones, Kris (2012) Vocabulario breve del Zapoteco de San Juan Guelavía[5] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Tlalpan, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., pages 13, 25

Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

bal m (Cyrillic spelling бал)

  1. ball (dance)

Southern KamEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bal

  1. fish

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

bal

  1. Romanization of 𒁄 (bal)

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

bal c

  1. bale, bundle (big packet of things)
  2. Formal gathering for dance, ball

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bal 1
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bal balen balar balarna
Genitive bals balens balars balarnas
Declension of bal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bal balen baler balerna
Genitive bals balens balers balernas

Related termsEdit

bale
ball

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


TatarEdit

NounEdit

bal

  1. honey

TübatulabalEdit

NounEdit

bal

  1. Alternative spelling of pa·l

ReferencesEdit

  • Kroeber, Shoshonean Dialects of California, in University of California Publications: American archaeology and ethnology, volume 4, page 81

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish بال‎, from Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bal (definite accusative balı, plural ballar)

  1. honey

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative bal
Definite accusative balı
Singular Plural
Nominative bal ballar
Definite accusative balı balları
Dative bala ballara
Locative balda ballarda
Ablative baldan ballardan
Genitive balın balların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular balım ballarım
2nd singular balın balların
3rd singular balı balları
1st plural balımız ballarımız
2nd plural balınız ballarınız
3rd plural balları balları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımı ballarımı
2nd singular balını ballarını
3rd singular balını ballarını
1st plural balımızı ballarımızı
2nd plural balınızı ballarınızı
3rd plural ballarını ballarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular balıma ballarıma
2nd singular balına ballarına
3rd singular balına ballarına
1st plural balımıza ballarımıza
2nd plural balınıza ballarınıza
3rd plural ballarına ballarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımda ballarımda
2nd singular balında ballarında
3rd singular balında ballarında
1st plural balımızda ballarımızda
2nd plural balınızda ballarınızda
3rd plural ballarında ballarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular balımdan ballarımdan
2nd singular balından ballarından
3rd singular balından ballarından
1st plural balımızdan ballarımızdan
2nd plural balınızdan ballarınızdan
3rd plural ballarından ballarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular balımın ballarımın
2nd singular balının ballarının
3rd singular balının ballarının
1st plural balımızın ballarımızın
2nd plural balınızın ballarınızın
3rd plural ballarının ballarının

Derived termsEdit


TurkmenEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bạl (honey).

NounEdit

bal (definite accusative baly, plural ballar)

  1. honey

VolapükEdit

Volapük cardinal numbers
1 2  > 
    Cardinal : bal
    Ordinal : balid
    Adverbial : balna

NumeralEdit

bal

  1. one

Derived termsEdit


WolofEdit

NounEdit

bal (definite form bal bi)

  1. ball

ReferencesEdit

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN


Zaniza ZapotecEdit

NounEdit

bal

  1. fish