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See also: onagër

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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

An onager (sense 2) at the Neurathen Castle in Saxony, Germany

From Middle English onager, onagir (wild ass; military catapult),[1] from Anglo-Norman onager, Middle French onager, onagre, Old French onager, onagre (wild ass; military catapult) (modern French onagre), from Late Latin onager (large siege engine), Latin onager (wild ass), from Hellenistic Ancient Greek ὄναγρος (ónagros, wild ass), Byzantine Ancient Greek ὄναγρος (ónagros, large siege engine), from ὄνος (ónos, ass) + ἄγριος (ágrios, wild) (from ᾰ̓γρός (agrós, countryside; field) (possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ- (to drive)) + -ῐος (-ios, suffix forming adjectives)).[2]

Sense 2 (“military engine”) alludes to the fact that the strong recoil of the engine was like an onager’s kick: see the 2007 quotation.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

onager (plural onagers or onagri)

  1. The Asiatic wild ass or hemione (Equus hemionus), an animal of the horse family native to Asia; specifically, the Persian onager, Persian wild ass, or Persian zebra (Equus hemionus onager).
    Synonym: hemionus (obsolete)
  2. (military, historical) A military engine acting like a sling, which threw stones from a bag or wooden bucket, and was operated by machinery.
    • 2007, Jeff Kinard, “Ancient and Medieval Artillery”, in Artillery: An Illustrated History of Its Impact (Weapons and Warfare Series), Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, →ISBN, page 17:
      The onager, meaning "wild ass," derived its name from its powerful recoil, or kick, upon discharge; [] In addition, although Josephus described an onager in action hurling a 100-pound stone over 400 yards, most onagri achieved a shorted range than the ballista, thus exposing their crews to enemy archers.

HypernymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ onager, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 26 January 2019.
  2. ^ onager, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford: Oxford University Press, June 2004; “onager” (US) / “onager” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hellenistic Ancient Greek ὄναγρος (ónagros, wild ass), from ὄνος (ónos, ass) + ἄγριος (ágrios, wild).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

onager m (genitive onagrī); second declension

  1. wild ass; onager
  2. onager (type of military engine)

InflectionEdit

Second declension, nominative singular in -er.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative onager onagrī
Genitive onagrī onagrōrum
Dative onagrō onagrīs
Accusative onagrum onagrōs
Ablative onagrō onagrīs
Vocative onager1 onagrī

1May also be onagre.

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin onager.

NounEdit

onager m (oblique plural onagers, nominative singular onagers, nominative plural onager)

  1. onager