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Borrowed from Latin pectus.


pectus (plural pectora)

  1. (anatomy, zoology) The breast, especially of a bird.

Related termsEdit




From Proto-Italic *pektos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peg- (breast). Cognate with Old Irish ucht.[1]



pectus n (genitive pectoris); third declension

  1. chest, breast
  2. (figuratively) heart, breast, as the seat of emotion
  3. (figuratively) soul, spirit, mind, understanding
  4. person, individual (as a being of passion)


Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pectus pectora
genitive pectoris pectorum
dative pectorī pectoribus
accusative pectus pectora
ablative pectore pectoribus
vocative pectus pectora

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


  • pectus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pectus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pectus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the water is up to, is above, the chest: aqua pectus aequat, superat
    • to take a thing to heart: demittere aliquid in pectus or in pectus animumque suum
    • what he said made a deep impression on..: hoc verbum alte descendit in pectus alicuius
    • to love some one very dearly, with all one's heart: aliquem toto pectore, ut dicitur, amare (Leg. 18. 49)
    • to inspire with religious feeling, with the fear of God: imbuere (vid. sect. VII. 7, note imbuere...) pectora religione
    • to plunge one's sword in some one's breast: gladium alicui in pectus infigere
    • to transfix, pierce a man's breast with one's sword: gladio aliquem per pectus transfigere (Liv. 2. 46)
  • pectus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill