See also: Lien, líen, liền, and liên

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle French lien, from Latin ligāmen (a bond), from ligō (tie, bind).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lien (plural liens)

  1. (obsolete) A tendon.
  2. (law) A right to take possession of a debtor’s property as security until a debt or duty is discharged.
    • 1989, Greil Marcus, Lipstick Traces, Faber & Faber, published 2009:
      [] every youth movement presents itself as loan to the future, and tries to call in its lien in advance, but when there is no future all loans are canceled.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 7:
      Bodin deemed the king of France's power as absolute in the sense that the ruler was ‘absolved’ by divine sanction from legally binding liens and restrictions.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lien

  1. (biblical, archaic) Alternative form of lain

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Latin lien (spleen). Doublet of spleen.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlaɪ.in/, /ˈlaɪ.ən/

NounEdit

lien (plural lienes)

  1. (uncommon, possibly obsolete) The spleen.
    Synonym: milt
    • 1892, John Marie Keating, Henry Hamilton, John Chalmers Da Costa, A New Pronouncing Dictionary of Medicine:
      Li'enal. Pertaining to the lien or spleen; splenic.
    • 1914, Quain's Elements of Anatomy, volume 1, page 312:
      The lien or spleen (figs. 282 to 285) is a soft, highly vascular contractile and very elastic organ of a dark purplish colour. It is placed obliquely behind the stomach, [...]
Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


CornishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Cornish lyen, from Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn, from Latin legendum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lien m (plural liennow)

  1. literature

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French lien, from Old French lien, liem, from Latin ligāmen (bond), from ligō.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ljɛ̃/
  • (file)

NounEdit

lien m (plural liens)

  1. link

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *liɣēn-, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)liǵʰ-, from *splǵʰ-ēn- (spleen). The -i- remains unexplained.

Cognate with Old Irish selg, Lithuanian blužnis, Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn), Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʿaycałn), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥-(spərəzan-), Sanskrit प्लीहन् (plīhán). Doublet of splen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

liēn m (genitive liēnis); third declension

  1. spleen

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative liēn liēnēs
Genitive liēnis liēnum
Dative liēnī liēnibus
Accusative liēnem liēnēs
Ablative liēne liēnibus
Vocative liēn liēnēs

ReferencesEdit

  • lien in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lien in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

LatvianEdit

VerbEdit

lien

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of līst
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of līst
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of līst
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of līst
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of līst
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of līst

LivonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to Finnish lainata.

VerbEdit

lien

  1. (Salaca) give a loan

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *līan, from Proto-Germanic [Term?].

VerbEdit

liën

  1. (transitive) to admit
  2. (transitive) to acknowledge, to be convinced
  3. (transitive) to declare
  4. (intransitive) to assent
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch līan, from Proto-West Germanic *līhwan, from Proto-Germanic *līhwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-.

VerbEdit

liën

  1. (eastern) to lend
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English liċġan, from Proto-West Germanic *liggjan, from Proto-Germanic *ligjaną.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

lien (third-person singular simple present lith, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative leie, past participle leien)

  1. to lie (be in a horizontal position)
    • c. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, General Prologue, lines 19-20:
      Bifil that in that seson, on a day, / In Southwerk at the Tabard as I lay
      It happened that, in that season, on a day / In Southwark, at the Tabard, as I lay
DescendantsEdit
  • English: lie, lig
  • Scots: lie
  • Yola: lee

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English lēogan, from Proto-West Germanic *leugan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą.

VerbEdit

lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative legh, past participle louen)

  1. to lie (tell a falsehood)
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old French lier, liier (to tie up, connect), from Latin ligāre (to tie, bind).

VerbEdit

lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle liid) (cooking)

  1. to thicken (a soup, etc.) by mixing
  2. to bind (ground meat, etc. with eggs, sauce, etc.)
  3. to coat (something with sauce, etc.)
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle French lien (tie, strap), from Latin ligāmen (bandage, band, tie).

NounEdit

lien (plural liens)

  1. bond, fetter
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 5Edit

NounEdit

lien (plural liens)

  1. Alternative form of len

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French lien.

NounEdit

lien m (plural liens)

  1. tie; strap
  2. (by extension) link (association)

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • lïen (diareses not universally used in transcriptions of Old French)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ligāmen.

NounEdit

lien m (oblique plural liens, nominative singular liens, nominative plural lien)

  1. tie; strap
    • late 12th century, anonymous, La Folie de Tristan d'Oxford, page 408 (of the Champion Classiques edition of Le Roman de Tristan, →ISBN, lines 901-2:
      Brenguain, ore alez pur le chen,
      amenez k'od tut le lïen
      Brangain, go get the dog,
      bring it with its leash

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

lien

  1. definite singular of lie

AnagramsEdit