Created by chanceries in the 15th century from a stem of Latin plicō, plicāre (to fold).[1]


  • IPA(key): /ˈpli.ko/, [ˈpl̺iːko]
  • Hyphenation: plì‧co
  • Rhymes: -iko


plico m (plural plichi)

  1. parcel, packet
  2. cover

Related termsEdit





From Proto-Indo-European *pleḱ- (to plait, to weave) (with i from the compounded forms). Cognate with Latin plectō.



plicō (present infinitive plicāre, perfect active plicui, supine plicātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) I fold, bend or flex; I roll up
  2. (transitive) I arrive (this meaning comes from sailors, for whom the folding of a ship’s sails meant arrival on land)


   Conjugation of plico (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plicō plicās plicat plicāmus plicātis plicant
imperfect plicābam plicābās plicābat plicābāmus plicābātis plicābant
future plicābō plicābis plicābit plicābimus plicābitis plicābunt
perfect plicuī plicuistī plicuit plicuimus plicuistis plicuērunt, plicuēre
pluperfect plicueram plicuerās plicuerat plicuerāmus plicuerātis plicuerant
future perfect plicuerō plicueris plicuerit plicuerimus plicueritis plicuerint
passive present plicor plicāris, plicāre plicātur plicāmur plicāminī plicantur
imperfect plicābar plicābāris, plicābāre plicābātur plicābāmur plicābāminī plicābantur
future plicābor plicāberis, plicābere plicābitur plicābimur plicābiminī plicābuntur
perfect plicātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect plicātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect plicātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plicem plicēs plicet plicēmus plicētis plicent
imperfect plicārem plicārēs plicāret plicārēmus plicārētis plicārent
perfect plicuerim plicuerīs plicuerit plicuerīmus plicuerītis plicuerint
pluperfect plicuissem plicuissēs plicuisset plicuissēmus plicuissētis plicuissent
passive present plicer plicēris, plicēre plicētur plicēmur plicēminī plicentur
imperfect plicārer plicārēris, plicārēre plicārētur plicārēmur plicārēminī plicārentur
perfect plicātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect plicātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present plicā plicāte
future plicātō plicātō plicātōte plicantō
passive present plicāre plicāminī
future plicātor plicātor plicantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives plicāre plicuisse plicātūrus esse plicārī plicātus esse plicātum īrī
participles plicāns plicātūrus plicātus plicandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
plicāre plicandī plicandō plicandum plicātum plicātū

Derived termsEdit



  • plico in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plico in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plico” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag