See also: -fold, föld, and Föld

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English folden, from Old English fealdan, from Proto-Germanic *falþaną (to fold), from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (to fold).

VerbEdit

fold (third-person singular simple present folds, present participle folding, simple past folded or (obsolete) feld, past participle folded or (rare) folden)

  1. (transitive) To bend (any thin material, such as paper) over so that it comes in contact with itself.
  2. (transitive) To make the proper arrangement (in a thin material) by bending.
    If you fold the sheets, they'll fit more easily in the drawer.
  3. (intransitive) To become folded; to form folds.
    Cardboard doesn't fold very easily.
  4. (intransitive, informal) To fall over; to be crushed.
    The chair folded under his enormous weight.
  5. (transitive) To enclose within folded arms (see also enfold).
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula Chapter 21
      He put out his arms and folded her to his breast. And for a while she lay there sobbing. He looked at us over her bowed head, with eyes that blinked damply above his quivering nostrils. His mouth was set as steel.
  6. (intransitive) To give way on a point or in an argument.
  7. (intransitive, poker) To withdraw from betting.
    With no hearts in the river and no chance to hit his straight, he folded.
  8. (intransitive, by extension) To withdraw or quit in general.
  9. (transitive, cooking) To stir gently, with a folding action.
    Fold the egg whites into the batter.
  10. (intransitive, business) Of a company, to cease to trade.
    The company folded after six quarters of negative growth.
  11. To double or lay together, as the arms or the hands.
    He folded his arms in defiance.
  12. To cover or wrap up; to conceal.
    • 1594, William Shakespeare, Lvcrece (First Quarto), London: Printed by Richard Field, for Iohn Harrison, [], OCLC 236076664:
      I will not poyſon thee with my attaint, / Nor fold my fault in cleanly coin’d excuſes, / My ſable ground of ſinne I will not paint, / To hide the truth of this falſe nights abuſes.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Czech: foldovat
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

fold (plural folds)

  1. An act of folding.
    give the bedsheets a fold before putting them in the cupboard.
    After two reraises in quick succession, John realised his best option was probably a fold.
    Synonyms: bending, creasing
  2. A bend or crease.
    Synonyms: bend, crease
    • 1626, Francis Bacon, Sylva Sylvarum, Or, A Naturall Historie: In Ten Centuries
      mummies were shrouded in a number of folds of linen
    • 1863, James Dwight Dana, Manual of Geology
      The folds are most abrupt to the eastward ; to the west , they diminish in boldness , and become gentle undulations
  3. Any correct move in origami.
  4. (newspapers) The division between the top and bottom halves of a broadsheet: headlines above the fold will be readable in a newsstand display; usually the fold.
    • 2007, Jennifer Niederst Robbins, Learning Web Design: A Beginner's Guide to (X)HTML, StyleSheets, and Web Graphics, "O'Reilly Media, Inc." (→ISBN), page 43:
      Newspaper editors know the importance of putting the most important information “above the fold,” that is, visible when the paper is folded and on the rack.
  5. (by extension, web design) The division between the part of a web page visible in a web browser window without scrolling; usually the fold.
    • 1999, Jared M. Spool, Web Site Usability: A Designer's Guide, Morgan Kaufmann (→ISBN), page 77:
      For example, a story that is "page I, above the fold" is considered very important news. In web page design, the fold signifies the place at which the user has to scroll down to get more information.
  6. That which is folded together, or which enfolds or envelops; embrace.
  7. (geology) The bending or curving of one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, as a result of plastic (i.e. permanent) deformation.
  8. (computing theory) In functional programming, any of a family of higher-order functions that process a data structure recursively to build up a value.
    • 2010, Richard Bird, Pearls of Functional Algorithm Design, Cambridge University Press (→ISBN), page 168:
      It was Erik Meijer who coined the name hylomorphism to describe a computation that consists of a fold after an unfold. The unfold produces a data structure and the fold consumes it.
  9. (programming) A section of source code that can be collapsed out of view in an editor to aid readability.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English fold, fald, from Old English fald, falæd, falod (fold, stall, stable, cattle-pen), from Proto-Germanic *faludaz (enclosure). Akin to Scots fald, fauld (an enclosure for livestock), Dutch vaalt (dung heap), Middle Low German valt, vālt (an inclosed space, a yard), Danish fold (pen for herbivorous livestock), Swedish fålla (corral, pen, pound).

NounEdit

fold (plural folds)

  1. A pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals.
    Synonyms: enclosure, pen, penfold, pinfold
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 4”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      Leaps o're the fence with ease into the fold.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[1]:
      “I came down like a wolf on the fold, didn’t I ?  Why didn’t I telephone ?  Strategy, my dear boy, strategy. This is a surprise attack, and I’d no wish that the garrison, forewarned, should escape. …”
  2. (collective) A group of sheep or goats.
    Synonym: flock
  3. (figurative) Home, family.
    Synonyms: home, family
  4. (religion, Christian) A church congregation, a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church; the Christian church as a whole, the flock of Christ.
    Synonyms: congregation, flock
  5. A group of people with shared ideas or goals or who live or work together.
    Synonym: cohort
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, "[2]", BBC Sport, 1 September 2013:
      Having suffered the loss of Rooney just as he had returned to the fold, Moyes' mood will not have improved as Liverpool took the lead in the third minute.
  6. (obsolete) A boundary or limit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Creech to this entry?)
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

fold (third-person singular simple present folds, present participle folding, simple past and past participle folded)

  1. To confine animals in a fold.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English, from Old English folde (earth, land, country, district, region, territory, ground, soil, clay), from Proto-Germanic *fuldǭ, *fuldō (earth, ground; field; the world). Cognate with Old Norse fold (earth, land, field), Norwegian and Icelandic fold (land, earth, meadow).

NounEdit

fold (uncountable)

  1. (dialectal, poetic or obsolete) The Earth; earth; land, country.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

from Old Norse faldr (seam).

NounEdit

fold c (singular definite folden, plural indefinite folder)

  1. fold
  2. crease
  3. wrinkle
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

fold c (singular definite folden, plural indefinite folde)

  1. fold, pen
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

fold n

  1. multiple

Etymology 4Edit

See folde (to fold).

VerbEdit

fold

  1. imperative of folde

See alsoEdit


IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse fold.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fold f (genitive singular foldar, nominative plural foldir)

  1. (poetic) earth, ground, land

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

fold

  1. imperative of folde

Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *fuldō (earth, ground; field; the world).

NounEdit

fold f

  1. (poetic) earth, land; field
    • (Can we date this quote?), The Alvíssmál, verses 9 and 10:
      Hvé sú jǫrð heitir, / er liggr fyr alda sonum / heimi hverjum í?
      [] Jǫrð heitir með mǫnnum, / en með Ásum fold, / kalla vega Vanir.
      How is the earth named, / that which lies before the sons of men, / in each of the worlds?
      {{..}} "Earth" it is named among men, / but among the Æsir "Field", / the Vanir call it "Ways".

ReferencesEdit

  • fold in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press