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See also: -fold, föld, and Föld

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Middle English folden, from Old English fealdan, from Proto-Germanic *falþaną (to fold), from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (to fold), compare Albanian palë. Akin to Dutch vouwen, German falten, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌻𐌸𐌰𐌽 (falþan), Old Norse falda (Danish folde).

VerbEdit

fold (third-person singular simple present folds, present participle folding, simple past folded or (obsolete) feld, past participle folded or (rare) folden)

  1. (transitive) To bend (any thin material, such as paper) over so that it comes in contact with itself.
  2. (transitive) To make the proper arrangement (in a thin material) by bending.
    If you fold the sheets, they'll fit more easily in the drawer.
  3. (intransitive) To become folded; to form folds.
    Cardboard doesn't fold very easily.
  4. (intransitive, informal) To fall over; to be crushed.
    The chair folded under his enormous weight.
  5. (transitive) To enclose within folded arms (see also enfold).
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula Chapter 21
      He put out his arms and folded her to his breast. And for a while she lay there sobbing. He looked at us over her bowed head, with eyes that blinked damply above his quivering nostrils. His mouth was set as steel.
  6. (intransitive) To give way on a point or in an argument.
  7. (intransitive, poker) To withdraw from betting.
    With no hearts in the river and no chance to hit his straight, he folded.
  8. (intransitive, by extension) To withdraw or quit in general.
  9. (transitive, cooking) To stir gently, with a folding action.
    Fold the egg whites into the batter.
  10. (intransitive, business) Of a company, to cease to trade.
    The company folded after six quarters of negative growth.
  11. To double or lay together, as the arms or the hands.
    He folded his arms in defiance.
  12. To cover or wrap up; to conceal.
    • Shakespeare
      Nor fold my fault in cleanly coined excuses.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

fold (plural folds)

  1. An act of folding.
  2. A bend or crease.
    • Francis Bacon
      mummies [] shrouded in a number of folds of linen
    • J. D. Dana
      Folds are most common in the rocks of mountainous regions.
  3. Any correct move in origami.
  4. (newspapers) The division between the top and bottom halves of a broadsheet: headlines above the fold will be readable in a newsstand display; usually the fold.
  5. (by extension, web design) The division between the part of a web page visible in a web browser window without scrolling; usually the fold.
  6. That which is folded together, or which enfolds or envelops; embrace.
    • Shakespeare
      Shall from your neck unloose his amorous fold.
  7. A group of sheep or goats.
  8. A group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church.
  9. A group of people with shared ideas or goals or who live or work together.
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, "[1]", BBC Sport, 1 September 2013:
      Having suffered the loss of Rooney just as he had returned to the fold, Moyes' mood will not have improved as Liverpool took the lead in the third minute.
  10. (geology) The bending or curving of one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, as a result of plastic (i.e. permanent) deformation.
  11. (computing, programming) In functional programming, any of a family of higher-order functions that process a data structure recursively to build up a value.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English fold, fald, from Old English fald, falæd, falod (fold, stall, stable, cattle-pen), from Proto-Germanic *faludaz (enclosure). Akin to Scots fald, fauld (an enclosure for livestock), Dutch vaalt (dung heap), Middle Low German valt, vālt (an inclosed space, a yard), Danish fold (pen for herbivorous livestock), Swedish fålla (corral, pen, pound).

NounEdit

fold (plural folds)

  1. A pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals.
    • Milton
      Leaps o'er the fence with ease into the fold.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, in Lord Stranleigh Abroad[2]:
      “I came down like a wolf on the fold, didn’t I ?  Why didn’t I telephone ?  Strategy, my dear boy, strategy. This is a surprise attack, and I’d no wish that the garrison, forewarned, should escape. …”
  2. (figuratively) Home, family.
  3. (religion, Christian) A church congregation, a church, the Christian church as a whole, the flock of Christ.
    John, X, 16: "Other sheep I have which are not of this fold."
  4. (obsolete) A boundary or limit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Creech to this entry?)
SynonymsEdit
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}} to add them to the appropriate sense(s).
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

fold (third-person singular simple present folds, present participle folding, simple past and past participle folded)

  1. To confine sheep in a fold.
    The star that bids the shepherd fold — Milton.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English, from Old English folde (earth, land, country, district, region, territory, ground, soil, clay), from Proto-Germanic *fuldǭ (ground, plain), from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (field, plain). Cognate with Norwegian and Icelandic fold (land, earth, meadow).

NounEdit

fold (uncountable)

  1. (dialectal, poetic or obsolete) The Earth; earth; land, country.

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

from Old Norse faldr (seam).

NounEdit

fold c (singular definite folden, plural indefinite folder)

  1. fold
  2. crease
  3. wrinkle
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

fold c (singular definite folden, plural indefinite folde)

  1. fold, pen
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

fold n

  1. multiple

Etymology 4Edit

See folde (to fold).

VerbEdit

fold

  1. imperative of folde

See alsoEdit


IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse fold.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fold f (genitive singular foldar, nominative plural foldir)

  1. (poetic) earth, ground, land

Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a common Germanic root; probably from the same Proto-Indo-European root as the English words "field" and "fold" (as in "pen for animals", "of the fold").

NounEdit

fold f

  1. (poetic) earth, land; field
    • The Alvíssmál, verses 9 and 10:
      Hvé sú jǫrð heitir, / er liggr fyr alda sonum / heimi hverjum í?
      [] Jǫrð heitir með mǫnnum, / en með Ásum fold, / kalla vega Vanir.
      How is the earth named, / that which lies before the sons of men, / in each of the worlds?
      {{..}} "Earth" it is named among men, / but among the Æsir "Field", / the Vanir call it "Ways".

ReferencesEdit

  • fold in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press