See also: ruó, ruò, and ru'o

Translingual

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Symbol

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ruo

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Istro-Romanian.

Galician

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Verb

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ruo

  1. (reintegrationist norm) first-person singular present indicative of ruar

Latin

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Italic *rowō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rew- . Cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρούω (oroúō, hurry).

Verb

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ruō (present infinitive ruere, perfect active ruī, supine rutum); third conjugation

  1. to hurry, rush, hasten, move quickly
    Synonyms: currō, accurrō, trepidō, festīnō, prōvolō, properō, prōripiō, corripiō, affluō, mātūrō, prōsiliō
    Antonyms: retardō, cūnctor, moror, dubitō, prōtrahō, trahō, differō
  2. to collapse, fall down, fall in ruins, topple
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 2.290:
      “‘Hostis habet mūrōs; ruit altō ā culmine Troia.’”
      [Aeneas recalls Hector’s dire warning:] “‘The enemy holds [our] walls; Troy is toppling down from [her] lofty height.’”
  3. to fail, fall
    Synonyms: corruō, cadō, incidō, incurrō, occidō, accidō
  4. to cast down; to hurl to the ground, prostrate
    Synonyms: prōsternō, sternō, fundō, prōflīgō
Conjugation
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   Conjugation of ruō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ruō ruis ruit ruimus ruitis ruunt
imperfect ruēbam ruēbās ruēbat ruēbāmus ruēbātis ruēbant
future ruam ruēs ruet ruēmus ruētis ruent
perfect ruī ruistī ruit ruimus ruistis ruērunt,
ruēre
pluperfect rueram ruerās ruerat ruerāmus ruerātis ruerant
future perfect ruerō rueris ruerit ruerimus rueritis ruerint
passive present ruor rueris,
ruere
ruitur ruimur ruiminī ruuntur
imperfect ruēbar ruēbāris,
ruēbāre
ruēbātur ruēbāmur ruēbāminī ruēbantur
future ruar ruēris,
ruēre
ruētur ruēmur ruēminī ruentur
perfect rutus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect rutus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect rutus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ruam ruās ruat ruāmus ruātis ruant
imperfect ruerem ruerēs rueret ruerēmus ruerētis ruerent
perfect ruerim ruerīs ruerit ruerīmus ruerītis ruerint
pluperfect ruissem ruissēs ruisset ruissēmus ruissētis ruissent
passive present ruar ruāris,
ruāre
ruātur ruāmur ruāminī ruantur
imperfect ruerer ruerēris,
ruerēre
ruerētur ruerēmur ruerēminī ruerentur
perfect rutus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect rutus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rue ruite
future ruitō ruitō ruitōte ruuntō
passive present ruere ruiminī
future ruitor ruitor ruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ruere ruisse ruitūrum esse ruī rutum esse rutum īrī
participles ruēns ruitūrus rutus ruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
ruendī ruendō ruendum ruendō rutum rutū
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • French: ruer
  • Portuguese: ruir
  • Spanish: ruir
  • Sardinian: ruere, arrui

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Italic *rowō, from Proto-Indo-European *(H)rewH- (to tear out, dig out).

Verb

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ruō (present infinitive ruere); third conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. to dig out
Usage notes
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There has been some confusion between the derivatives of the two verbs.

Conjugation
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   Conjugation of ruō (third conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ruō ruis ruit ruimus ruitis ruunt
imperfect ruēbam ruēbās ruēbat ruēbāmus ruēbātis ruēbant
future ruam ruēs ruet ruēmus ruētis ruent
passive present ruor rueris,
ruere
ruitur ruimur ruiminī ruuntur
imperfect ruēbar ruēbāris,
ruēbāre
ruēbātur ruēbāmur ruēbāminī ruēbantur
future ruar ruēris,
ruēre
ruētur ruēmur ruēminī ruentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ruam ruās ruat ruāmus ruātis ruant
imperfect ruerem ruerēs rueret ruerēmus ruerētis ruerent
passive present ruar ruāris,
ruāre
ruātur ruāmur ruāminī ruantur
imperfect ruerer ruerēris,
ruerēre
ruerētur ruerēmur ruerēminī ruerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rue ruite
future ruitō ruitō ruitōte ruuntō
passive present ruere ruiminī
future ruitor ruitor ruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ruere ruī
participles ruēns ruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
ruendī ruendō ruendum ruendō
Derived terms
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References

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  • ruo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ruo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ruo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be ruined, undone: ad interitum ruere
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 326
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 530-1

Mandarin

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Romanization

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ruo

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ruó.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ruò.

Usage notes

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  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Marshallese

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Etymology

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From Proto-Micronesian *rua, from Proto-Oceanic *rua, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *dua, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *dua, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *duha, from Proto-Austronesian *duSa.

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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ruo

  1. two

References

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Portuguese

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Verb

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ruo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ruar