See also: Rutilus

Latin edit

Etymology edit

On the traditional view an unexplained derivation from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red), whence also rubeō, ruber, rōbus, rōbur, rūfus, russus.[1]

More recently, Prósper cites Schaffner 2016–2017 in seeing it as continuing Proto-Indo-European *h₂ruti-, from *h₂rew- (to shine), whence also the gentilic name Rutīlius, the tribal name Rutēnī, Venetic Rutius (patronymic) and Old Irish ruithen (a gleam, shining).[2]

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

rutilus (feminine rutila, neuter rutilum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. of a warm or yellowish red colour, ruddy
  2. strawberry blonde

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rutilus rutila rutilum rutilī rutilae rutila
Genitive rutilī rutilae rutilī rutilōrum rutilārum rutilōrum
Dative rutilō rutilō rutilīs
Accusative rutilum rutilam rutilum rutilōs rutilās rutila
Ablative rutilō rutilā rutilō rutilīs
Vocative rutile rutila rutilum rutilī rutilae rutila

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Italian: rutilo
  • Portuguese: rútilo

See also edit

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     albus, candidus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus, blancus (ML.)      rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cinerāceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      niger, āter, piceus, furvus
             ruber, rūfus, russus, rubrīcus, pūniceusmurrinus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, aurantius, aurantiacus; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx, castaneus, aquilus, fulvus, brunneus (ML.)              flāvus, fulvus, lūteus, gilvus, helvus, croceus, pallidus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cȳaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), blāvus (LL.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpureus, roseus, rosāceus

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ruber”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 527
  2. ^ Б. М. Проспер; B. M. Prósper (2019), “Language Change at the Crossroads: What Celtic, What Venetic, and What Else in the Personal Names of Emona?”, in Вопросы ономастики. 2019. Том 16. № 4[1], volume 16, issue 4, →DOI, →ISSN, page 33–73

Further reading edit

  • rutilus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rutilus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rutilus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rutilus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette