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From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃wós (yellow, green), from *ǵʰelh₃- (to shine) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus). Cognate to Sanskrit हरि (hári), Ancient Greek χλωρός (khlōrós), English gold and Old English ġeolu (English yellow). Akin to holus (vegetable(s)) (originally "green things").



helvus (feminine helva, neuter helvum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. honey-yellow
    • 1st century AD, Lucius Iunius Moderatus Columella, De Re Rustica, Book III Ch. 2
      Sunt et Helvolae, quas non nulli varias appellant, neque purpureae neque nigrae, ab helvo, nisi fallor, colore vocitatae.
      There are also the Helvolans, which some call variae. They are neither purple nor black; from their honey-yellow colour they get their name, if I'm not wrong.


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative helvus helva helvum helvī helvae helva
Genitive helvī helvae helvī helvōrum helvārum helvōrum
Dative helvō helvō helvīs
Accusative helvum helvam helvum helvōs helvās helva
Ablative helvō helvā helvō helvīs
Vocative helve helva helvum helvī helvae helva


Derived termsEdit