caeruleus

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Dissimilation of *caeluleus, derived from caelum (sky, heaven) +‎ -uleus (diminutive suffix).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

caeruleus (feminine caerulea, neuter caeruleum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Having the color of the sky; blue or greenish-blue; cerulean, azure
    1. Dyed or colored blue
      1. (particularly) Colored with woad
    2. Used as an epithet of sea and river deities or things connected with them
    3. (of serpents) Glossy greenish-blue
    4. (of persons) Blue-eyed
    5. Dark-colored, dusky, gloomy
      1. (of clouds and shadows)
      2. (of things in or associated with the underworld)
    6. (as a proper name) A spring and aqueduct at Rome
  2. (rare) Of or connected with the sky, celestial

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative caeruleus caerulea caeruleum caeruleī caeruleae caerulea
Genitive caeruleī caeruleae caeruleī caeruleōrum caeruleārum caeruleōrum
Dative caeruleō caeruleō caeruleīs
Accusative caeruleum caeruleam caeruleum caeruleōs caeruleās caerulea
Ablative caeruleō caeruleā caeruleō caeruleīs
Vocative caerulee caerulea caeruleum caeruleī caeruleae caerulea

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: cerulean
  • Italian: ceruleo
  • Spanish: cerúleo
  • French: céruléen

See alsoEdit

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus      rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cineraceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      āter, niger, piceus
             pūniceusmurrinus, rūfus, ruber, russus, rubrīcus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, flāvus, croceus, pallidus, lūteus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cyaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), blavus (ML.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpūreus, roseus, rosāceus

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • caeruleus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • caeruleus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • caeruleus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette