ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

surgo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of surgere

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • subrigō (only in the archaic transitive usage)

EtymologyEdit

From subrigō, surrigō, from sub- (up from below) +‎ regō (lead, rule).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

surgō (present infinitive surgere, perfect active surrēxī, supine surrēctum); third conjugation

  1. (intransitive) I rise, get up, I arise
    • 4th c., Jerome, Canticum Canticōrum
      Surge, properā, amīca mea, formōsa mea, et venī.
      Arise, hurry up, my beloved, my beautiful, and come.
  2. (archaic, transitive) I lift up, I straighten

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of surgō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surgō surgis surgit surgimus surgitis surgunt
imperfect surgēbam surgēbās surgēbat surgēbāmus surgēbātis surgēbant
future surgam surgēs surget surgēmus surgētis surgent
perfect surrēxī surrēxistī surrēxit surrēximus surrēxistis surrēxērunt, surrēxēre
pluperfect surrēxeram surrēxerās surrēxerat surrēxerāmus surrēxerātis surrēxerant
future perfect surrēxerō surrēxeris surrēxerit surrēxerimus surrēxeritis surrēxerint
passive present surgor surgeris, surgere surgitur surgimur surgiminī surguntur
imperfect surgēbar surgēbāris, surgēbāre surgēbātur surgēbāmur surgēbāminī surgēbantur
future surgar surgēris, surgēre surgētur surgēmur surgēminī surgentur
perfect surrēctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect surrēctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect surrēctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surgam surgās surgat surgāmus surgātis surgant
imperfect surgerem surgerēs surgeret surgerēmus surgerētis surgerent
perfect surrēxerim surrēxerīs surrēxerit surrēxerīmus surrēxerītis surrēxerint
pluperfect surrēxissem surrēxissēs surrēxisset surrēxissēmus surrēxissētis surrēxissent
passive present surgar surgāris, surgāre surgātur surgāmur surgāminī surgantur
imperfect surgerer surgerēris, surgerēre surgerētur surgerēmur surgerēminī surgerentur
perfect surrēctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect surrēctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surge surgite
future surgitō surgitō surgitōte surguntō
passive present surgere surgiminī
future surgitor surgitor surguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives surgere surrēxisse surrēctūrum esse surgī surrēctum esse surrēctum īrī
participles surgēns surrēctūrus surrēctus surgendus, surgundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
surgendī surgendō surgendum surgendō surrēctum surrēctū

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • surgo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • surgo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • surgo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to rise from one's bed, get up: e lecto or e cubīli surgere