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See also: tempurá

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Japanese 天麩羅 (てんぷら, tenpura), from Portuguese, ultimately from Latin. Different dictionaries link two different original terms:

  • Portuguese tempero (seasoning) or tempera (he/she/it seasons; season!), third-person present singular or imperative tense of temperar (to season, to temper), from Latin temperare (to mix, to temper).[1][2][3]
  • Portuguese têmpora (Ember days), from Latin tempora, plural of tempus (time; period). When Portuguese explorers (mostly Jesuit missionaries) arrived in Japan, they abstained from eating beef, pork, and poultry during the Ember days series of holidays. Instead, they ate fried vegetables and fish. This was the first contact of the Japanese with fried food, and since then they began associating the Portuguese word têmpora (which they pronounced tenpura) with such food.[3][4]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tempura (countable and uncountable, plural tempuras)

  1. A Japanese dish made by deep-frying vegetables, seafood, or other foods in a light batter.
    Hypernyms: fritter

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Japanese 天麩羅 (てんぷら, tenpura), from Portuguese, ultimately from Latin, cognate with either temperare or tempo, tempora. See above for more.

PronunciationEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
  • IPA(key): /temˈpu.ra/, [t̪emˈpuːrä]
  • Rhymes: -ura
  • Hyphenation: tem‧pù‧ra

NounEdit

tempura m, f (invariable)

  1. tempura
    Hypernyms: frittura

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Japanese 天麩羅 (てんぷら, tenpura), from Portuguese, ultimately from Latin. See above for more.

PronunciationEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es
  • IPA(key): /temˈpuɾa/, [t̪ẽmˈpuɾa]
  • Rhymes: -uɾa
  • Hyphenation: tem‧pu‧ra

NounEdit

tempura f (plural tempuras)

  1. tempura