See also: vel, -vel, vél, vėl, veļ, and vęl

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same source as the adjective vēls (late), originally the adverbial form (< *vēli) of a palatalized i-stem parallel form of the u-stem vēls (< *vēlus). Cognates include Lithuanian vė̃l (again).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdverbEdit

vēl

  1. (in negative sentences) used to indicate that a given action, expected to happen, has not started up to the moment of speaking; yet, so far
    viņš vēl nav pārnācis — he hasn't come/arrived yet
    neesmu vēl redzējis, kā dedzina ogles un tecina darvu — I haven't seen yet how one burns coal and produces tar
    “Zigi, vai tu neesi vēl aizmidzis?” pēc brīža Vilnis iejautājās: “nē!” — “Zigi, aren't you asleep yet?” after a moment Vilins answered: “no!”
  2. (in affirmative sentences) used to indicate that a certain action or states continues on at the time of speaking; still, on
    bija jau pāri pusnaktij; Robis vēl klimta pa kūtsaugšu — it was already past midnight; Robis was still doing nothing in the loft
    Antiņš ar cūkām vēl Auzukalnā — Antiņš and the pigs (are) still in Auzukalns
    arvien vēl, vēl arvien — all the time; uninterruptedly; still (lit. always still)
  3. yet (one, once); again; in addition
    nogriezt vēl kādu šķēlīti — to cut yet another slice
    Ansis izdarīja vēl vienu neprātību — Ansis did yet another foolishness
    mēģināt vēl — to try still (= once more), to try again, to go on trying
    ieliet vēl kafiju? — (should I) pour still (= some more) coffee?
    palikt vēl kādu brīdi — to stay still one minute
    cik ilgi vēl būs jāgaida? — how long yet (= how much longer) will we have to wait?
  4. still; once more; every time
    atkārtot vēl un vēlreiz to pašu — to repeat the same again and again
    viņa atskatās vienreiz, tad vēl un pēc tam neatskatās vairs — she looked back one time, then still (= again), and after that didn't look back anymore

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ParticleEdit

vēl

  1. used to emphasize or reinforce the meaning of an expression; still; yet; really
    to mēs vēl paspēsim — we will still (manage to) do it
    te vēl pietiek vietas trim cilvēkiem — there is still enough room for three people here
    Inga vēl pēdējā brīdī viņu bija izglābusi — Inga still saved (= managed to save) him at the last minute
    tagad vairs nav joki, Ģirts vēl ņems un tevi izkonkurēs — now it's not just for fun anymore, Ģirts will really compete with you
  2. (with an adjective or adverb in the comparative) used to strengthen the degree of the adjective or adverb; still, yet, even
    jāstrādā vēl labāk — we must work better yet
    censties vēl vairāk — to try even more
    šis priekšlikums ir labs, bet tas ir vēl labāks — this proposal is good, but that (one) is even better
  3. (in several expressions) used to reinforce the total meaning of the expression
    tas vēl nav nekas — but this is not nothing!
    un kā vēl — oh yes! no doubt! (lit. and how still!)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “vēl” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 21 March 2014, at 18:28