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See also: vel, -vel, vél, vėl, veļ, and vęl

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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally the adverbial form (< *vēli) of a palatalized i-stem parallel form of the u-stem adjective vēls (q.v.) (< *vēlus; cf. pronunciation [væ̂ls] with [æ], instead of the [ɛ] in the adverb [vɛ̂l]). Cognates include Lithuanian vė̃l (again).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdverbEdit

vēl

  1. (in negative sentences) used to indicate that a given action, expected to happen, has not started up to the moment of speaking; yet, so far
    viņš vēl nav pārnācishe hasn't come/arrived yet
    neesmu vēl redzējis, kā dedzina ogles un tecina darvuI haven't seen yet how one burns coal and produces tar
    “Zigi, vai tu neesi vēl aizmidzis?” pēc brīža Vilnis iejautājās: “nē!”“Zigi, aren't you asleep yet?” after a moment Vilins answered: “no!”
  2. (in affirmative sentences) used to indicate that a certain action or states continues on at the time of speaking; still, on
    bija jau pāri pusnaktij; Robis vēl klimta pa kūtsaugšuit was already past midnight; Robis was still doing nothing in the loft
    Antiņš ar cūkām vēl AuzukalnāAntiņš and the pigs (are) still in Auzukalns
    arvien vēl, vēl arvienall the time; uninterruptedly; still (lit. always still)
  3. yet (one, once); again; in addition
    nogriezt vēl kādu šķēlītito cut yet another slice
    Ansis izdarīja vēl vienu neprātībuAnsis did yet another foolishness
    mēģināt vēlto try still (= once more), to try again, to go on trying
    ieliet vēl kafiju?(should I) pour still (= some more) coffee?
    palikt vēl kādu brīdito stay still one minute
    cik ilgi vēl būs jāgaida?how long yet (= how much longer) will we have to wait?
  4. still; once more; every time
    atkārtot vēl un vēlreiz to pašuto repeat the same again and again
    viņa atskatās vienreiz, tad vēl un pēc tam neatskatās vairsshe looked back one time, then still (= again), and after that didn't look back anymore

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ParticleEdit

vēl

  1. used to emphasize or reinforce the meaning of an expression; still; yet; really
    to mēs vēl paspēsimwe will still (manage to) do it
    te vēl pietiek vietas trim cilvēkiemthere is still enough room for three people here
    Inga vēl pēdējā brīdī viņu bija izglābusiInga still saved (= managed to save) him at the last minute
    tagad vairs nav joki, Ģirts vēl ņems un tevi izkonkurēsnow it's not just for fun anymore, Ģirts will really compete with you
  2. (with an adjective or adverb in the comparative) used to strengthen the degree of the adjective or adverb; still, yet, even
    jāstrādā vēl labākwe must work better yet
    censties vēl vairākto try even more
    šis priekšlikums ir labs, bet tas ir vēl labāksthis proposal is good, but that (one) is even better
  3. (in several expressions) used to reinforce the total meaning of the expression
    tas vēl nav nekasbut this is not nothing!
    un kā vēloh yes! no doubt! (lit. and how still!)

VerbEdit

vēl

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of vēlēt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of vēlēt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of vēlēt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of vēlēt

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vēl”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7