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LatvianEdit

 
Vīrs un sieva

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *wī́ˀras, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós “man” < “strong one”, from the stem *wey- (to go, move in a straight direction; to be strong) (cf. Latin vis (strength)). Cognates include Lithuanian výras, Old Prussian wijrs, wirs, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂 (wair), Old High German wer, Old Norse verr, Old Irish fer, Sanskrit वीर (vīrá), Avestan 𐬬𐬌𐬭𐬀(vira), 𐬬𐬍𐬭𐬀(vīra), Latin vir.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

vīrs m (1st declension)

  1. husband (a married man, in reference to his wife)
    vīrs un sievahusband and wife
    gādīgs vīrsa caring husband
    saticīgs vīrsa husband who is easy to live with
    dzērājs vīrsa drunkard husband
    vīra māsahusband's sister (= sister-in-law)
    vīra radihusband's relatives (= in-laws)
    ņemt vīruto take a husband
    iziet pie vīrato go to (= take) a husband
    tāds veikls un smuks puisis, un krietns... laimīga tā meita, kas viņu reiz dabūs par vīrusuch a neat and handsome guy, and honest... happy (is) the woman who will get him as a husband
  2. man (male human being)
    pusmūža vīrsa middle-aged man
    stalts vīrsa stately man
    omulīgs vīrsa cheerful, jovial man
    lāga vīrsa good man, a good fellow
    spēka vīrsa man of strength (= strong man)
    goda vīrsa man of honor (= honorable man)
    īsts vīrsa real man
    vīru koris, vīriešu korismale, men's choir
  3. (in combination with a word describing an occupation) a man who works, deals with something
    sardzes vīrswatch (lit. defense, protection) man
    darba vīrsworkman, worker
    karavīrssoldier (lit. war-man)
    ugunsdzēsēju komandas vīrifire-brigade men (= firemen, firefighters)

Usage notesEdit

The default term for “man” is vīrietis, which has restricted vīrs to the meaning of “husband,” but there are many expressions and situations in which vīrs can still be used to mean “man.”

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vīrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

SamogitianEdit

 
Samogitian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sgs
 
Jauns vīrs
A young man

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Other Baltic cognates include Lithuanian vyras, Old Prussian wijrs and Latvian vīrs.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vīrs m (plural vīrā)

  1. man

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit