From vir ‎(man, male) +‎ -tūs ‎(abstract noun-forming suffix).



virtūs f ‎(genitive virtūtis); third declension

  1. manliness, manhood, virility
  2. courage, resoluteness
  3. virtue, goodness
  4. character
  5. excellence


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative virtūs virtūtēs
genitive virtūtis virtūtum
dative virtūtī virtūtibus
accusative virtūtem virtūtēs
ablative virtūte virtūtibus
vocative virtūs virtūtēs



  • virtus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • virtus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • VIRTUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • virtus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have the reputation of virtue: opinionem virtutis habere
    • to quote Socrates as a model of virtue: a Socrate exemplum virtutis petere, repetere
    • to sing the praises of some one (not canere aliquem: alicuius laudes (virtutes) canere
    • what do we mean by 'virtue': quae intellegitur virtus
    • what do we mean by 'virtue': quid est virtus?
    • to walk in the ways of virtue: viam virtutis ingredi (Off. 1. 32. 118)
    • to make virtue the standard in every thought and act: omnia consilia et facta ad virtutem referre (Phil. 10. 10. 20)
    • to strive to attain virtue: virtutem sequi, virtutis studiosum esse
    • to live a perfect life: virtutis perfectae perfecto munere fungi (Tusc. 1. 45. 109)
    • to live as scrupulously moral a life as ever: virtutem pristinam retinere
    • this is a characteristic of virtue, it..: virtus hoc habet, ut...
    • to rouse in some one an enthusiasm for virtue: excitare aliquem ad virtutem
    • a good conscience: conscientia recta, recte facti (factorum), virtutis, bene actae vitae, rectae voluntatis
    • to incite to valour: ad virtutem excitare, cohortari (or simply adhortari, cohortari)
    • (ambiguous) to be virtuous: virtute praeditum, ornatum esse (opp. vitiis obrutum esse)
    • (ambiguous) to live as scrupulously moral a life as ever: nihil ex pristina virtute remittere
    • (ambiguous) to consider virtue the highest good: summum bonum in virtute ponere
    • (ambiguous) to deviate from the path of virtue: a virtute discedere or deficere
    • (ambiguous) to deteriorate: a maiorum virtute desciscere, degenerare, deflectere
    • (ambiguous) moral precepts: praecepta de moribus or de virtute
    • (ambiguous) to give moral advice, rules of conduct: de virtute praecipere alicui
    • (ambiguous) good luck to you: macte virtute (esto or te esse iubeo)
  • virtus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • virtus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray