Last modified on 12 August 2014, at 00:44
See also: , , , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
目-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): stylized depiction of the human eye, rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

目 目 目 目
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 109 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (目), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨuk̚/ /mi̯uk̚/ /miuk̚/ /miuk̚/ /muwk̚/ /mĭuk̚/ /miuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mjuwk › /*C.muk {*C.m(r)[u]k}/ eye
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9333 1 /*muɡ/

EtymologyEdit

Middle Chinese (mjuk), Old Chinese *mjəkʷ. Cognate with Old Tibetan མིག (mig, eye).[1]

NounEdit

  1. (literary, classical) eye
  2. item
  3. section
  4. list, catalogue, table of contents
  5. (taxonomy) order
  6. target, goal
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 《汉藏语同源词综探》,全广镇

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Old Japanese. Older, unbound form of (me2). Cognate with 見る (miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. (anatomy) eye
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/me2/ *[məj] → /me/ [me]. Compound of (ma, unbound form) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. (anatomy) eye
     ()がかゆいです。
    Me ga kayui desu.
    My eyes feel itchy.
Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -me)

  1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
    三本 (さんぼん) ()のボトル
    sanbon-me no botoru
    third bottle

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Chinese . Go'on, so likely an older borrowed reading. Compare modern Cantonese [[目#Cantonese|/muk⁶/]], or modern Wu /mʊ̆ʔ¹²/

NounEdit

(hiragana もく, romaji moku)

  1. (biology) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
  2. a playing piece in a board game, a stone in the game of go
  3. a point in the game of go
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

目 + する (hiragana もくする, romaji moku suru)

  1. to regard, to look upon
  2. to see, to look (uncommon)
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely a later borrowed reading. Compare modern Min Nan [[目#Min Nan|/bo̍k/]].

Only used in compounds.

AffixEdit

(hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. an eye
  2. a look or appearance
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nun, McCune-Reischauer: nun)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mục, mụt, vĩnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.