Last modified on 31 October 2014, at 19:45
See also: ᇁ‎

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
立-bw.png
Stroke order
立-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a person standing on the ground; compare .

Also simplification of same root as in some characters, such as .

立 立 立
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 117 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿 (YT), four-corner 00108)

  1. stand
  2. let stand
  3. establish, set

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 870, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2706, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7ACB

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (立), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 力入切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪp̚/ /li̯əp̚/ /liəp̚/ /lip̚/ /lip̚/ /lĭĕp̚/ /ljep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lip › /*k.rəәp/ stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7869 1 /*rɯb/

VerbEdit

  1. to stand
  2. to set up, to establish
  3. to institute, to lay down, to draw up, to compose (legal document)
  4. to exist, to live

AdjectiveEdit

  1. standing
  2. upright, vertical

AdverbEdit

  1. immediately, at once
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 29:
  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-02.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(rip, ip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rip, ip, McCune-Reischauer: rip, ip, Yale: lip, ip)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lập, lụp, sập, lớp, sầm, sụp, nhân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.