Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 11:09

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
末-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事): a tree () with its top highlighted with an extra stroke, implying the meaning of “apex”; contrast . (Alternatively, with fully developed fruit; contrast .)

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木十 (DJ), four-corner 50900)

  1. final, last, end
  2. close
  3. posterity
  4. powder
  5. tip

AntonymsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 509, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1150, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+672B

ChineseEdit

end; final stage; latter part
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (末), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 末
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫撥切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/muɑt̚/ /muɑt̚/ /muɑt̚/ /mʷɑt̚/ /mwat̚/ /muɑt̚/ /muɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mat › /*mˤat/ end of a branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9223 1 /*maːd/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana すえ, romaji sue)

  1. end, last
  2. last child, youngest child
  3. triviality

(hiragana まつ, romaji matsu)

  1. the end
  2. powder

(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. (archaic) tip, top end

(hiragana うれ, romaji ure)

  1. (archaic) the trunk or leaves of a tree
  2. (archaic) the tips of the branches of a tree

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mal) (hangeul , revised mal, McCune-Reischauer mal, Yale mal)

  1. (): the end, last, low
  2. (가루): flour, powder
  3. (허드레): something coarse, improper, inferior, trivial

CompoundsEdit

end, last
flour, powder
something coarse

Usage notesEdit

  1. ^ This was authored by several scholars at the direction of King Sejong of Yi Dynasty, concerning the folk medical herb gathering by month.
  2. ^ Cited by: 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 538.
  3. ^ "" is a hanja rendering for 말밤(mal-bam), the origin of 마름(mareum, ) "water caltrop, water chestnut," literally, "coarse chestnut" such as "horse-chestnut".
  4. ^ Meaning "water caltrop, (also implausibly) water chestnut." Another likely literal reading is malryul.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mạt, mất, mặt, mết, mệt, mượt)

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