Last modified on 19 November 2014, at 16:59

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Japanese stroke order
美-jbw.png
Stroke order
美-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事):  (goat, sheep) +  (person) – a person with a goat headdress.

Han characterEdit

(radical 123 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿土大 (TGK), four-corner 80431, composition𦍌)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 951, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28435
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1393, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3126, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7F8E

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (美), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 無鄙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/miɪX/ /miX/ /miX/ /miX/ /miX/ /miX/ /mjɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
měi ‹ mijX › /*[m]rəәjʔ/ beautiful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8951 2 /*mriʔ/ 甲文象大人首插翎羽表美觀,取陳獨秀說

AdjectiveEdit

  1. beautiful, pretty
    美人 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]měirén [Pinyin] — a beautiful woman, a beauty
  2. delicious
    美食 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]měishí [Pinyin] — culinary delicacy, fine food, gourmet food
  3. good

VerbEdit

  1. to be pleased with oneself

Proper NounEdit

  1. the USA, the Americas (in compounds)
    美國 [trad.] / 美国 [simp.]Měiguó [Pinyin] — the USA
  2. A surname​. Mei

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-10.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

SuffixEdit

  1. suffix used by female given names, such as 奈美(なみ, Nami), 恵美(えみ, Emi; めぐみ, Megumi), 宏美(ひろみ, Hiromi)
  2. (rare) suffix used by male given names

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer mi, Yale mi)

  1. the USA, the Americas (in compounds)
  2. beautiful

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mỹ, , mẻ, mỉ, như)

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