From Middle English sour, from Old English sūr (“sour”), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (“sour”), from Proto-Indo-European *sūr- (“sour (milk)”). Cognate with West Frisian soer, Dutch zuur (“sour”), Low German suur, German sauer (“sour”), Danish and Swedish sur (“sour”), French sur (“sour”), Icelandic súr (“sour, bitter”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsaʊ(ə)ɹ/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsaʊə/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -aʊə(ɹ)
- Having an acidic, sharp or tangy taste.
- Lemons have a sour taste.
- Francis Bacon
- All sour things, as vinegar, provoke appetite.
- Made rancid by fermentation, etc.
- Tasting or smelling rancid.
- Peevish or bad-tempered.
- He gave me a sour look.
- He was a scholar […] / Lofty and sour to them that loved him not, / But to those men that sought him sweet as summer.
- (of soil) Excessively acidic and thus infertile.
- sour land; a sour marsh
- (of petroleum) Containing excess sulfur.
- Unfortunate or unfavorable.
- sour adversity
2011 October 1, Phil Dawkes, “Sunderland 2 - 2 West Brom”, BBC Sport:
- The result may not quite give the Wearsiders a sweet ending to what has been a sour week, following allegations of sexual assault and drug possession against defender Titus Bramble, but it does at least demonstrate that their spirit remains strong in the face of adversity.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- The sensation of a sour taste.
- A drink made with whiskey, lemon or lime juice and sugar.
- (by extension) Any cocktail containing lemon or lime juice.
- To make or become sour.
- Too much lemon juice will sour the recipe.
- Jonathan Swift
- So the sun's heat, with different powers, / Ripens the grape, the liquor sours.
- To make or become disenchanted.
- We broke up after our relationship soured.
- To sour your happiness I must report, / The queen is dead.
- To make (soil) cold and unproductive.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
- To macerate (lime) and render it fit for plaster or mortar.
sour (plural sours)
- A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
- (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) sora
sour f (plural sours)