Last modified on 3 August 2014, at 08:39

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English sour, from Old English sūr (sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (sour), from Proto-Indo-European *sūr- (sour (milk)). Cognate with West Frisian soer, Dutch zuur (sour), Low German suur, German sauer (sour), Danish and Swedish sur (sour), French sur (sour), Icelandic súr (sour, bitter).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sour (comparative sourer, superlative sourest)

  1. Having an acidic, sharp or tangy taste.
    Lemons have a sour taste.
    • Francis Bacon
      All sour things, as vinegar, provoke appetite.
  2. Made rancid by fermentation, etc.
  3. Tasting or smelling rancid.
  4. Peevish or bad-tempered.
    He gave me a sour look.
    • Shakespeare
      He was a scholar [] / Lofty and sour to them that loved him not, / But to those men that sought him sweet as summer.
  5. (of soil) Excessively acidic and thus infertile.
    sour land; a sour marsh
  6. (of petroleum) Containing excess sulfur.
  7. Unfortunate or unfavorable.
    • Shakespeare
      sour adversity
    • 2011 October 1, Phil Dawkes, “Sunderland 2 - 2 West Brom”, BBC Sport:
      The result may not quite give the Wearsiders a sweet ending to what has been a sour week, following allegations of sexual assault and drug possession against defender Titus Bramble, but it does at least demonstrate that their spirit remains strong in the face of adversity.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounEdit

sour (countable and uncountable, plural sours)

  1. The sensation of a sour taste.
  2. A drink made with whiskey, lemon or lime juice and sugar.
  3. (by extension) Any cocktail containing lemon or lime juice.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sour (third-person singular simple present sours, present participle souring, simple past and past participle soured)

  1. To make or become sour.
    Too much lemon juice will sour the recipe.
    • Jonathan Swift
      So the sun's heat, with different powers, / Ripens the grape, the liquor sours.
  2. To make or become disenchanted.
    We broke up after our relationship soured.
    • Shakespeare
      To sour your happiness I must report, / The queen is dead.
  3. To make (soil) cold and unproductive.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
  4. To macerate (lime) and render it fit for plaster or mortar.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

sour (plural sours)

  1. A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)

AnagramsEdit


RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) sora

EtymologyEdit

From Latin soror, from Proto-Indo-European *swésōr.

NounEdit

sour f (plural sours)

  1. (Puter, Vallader) sister

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (in terms of gender):
    • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran, Vallader) frar
    • (Puter) frer